The Treatment for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
New Tech @ Zion Benton East
My topic that I chose for my essay is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). I chose this topic because it always interested me. It was interesting the way people acted towards certain things around them. I assumed that there would be only a few treatments for PTSD like group therapy. I did not expect to find as many treatments as I did. The research went over my expectations. I found my sources on Ebsco. I just typed in PTSD and psychotherapies. PTSD is a type of an anxiety disorder. It might occur after having a traumatic experience that involves injury or death. There are three categories for the symptoms of PTSD. There is reliving, avoidance, and arousal. In reliving symptoms you have flashbacks, frequent memories of the event, nightmares of the event and, reactions to situations that remind you of the event. For avoidance symptoms you feel emotional "numbing," or feeling like you don't care about anything anymore, feeling separated, being unable to remember important aspects of the trauma, be short of interest in normal activities, avoid places, people, or thoughts that remind you of the event and, feel like you have no future. The last type of symptoms is arousal. For arousal symptoms you have hard times concentrating, you are startled easily, you over exaggerate things when you are startled, you get angry and have outburst, and have troubles with falling or staying asleep at night. There is a variety of events that can cause PTSD. Assault, domestic abuse, a prison stay, rape, terrorism, war and etc. can cause PTSD. PTSD can occur at any age and to anyone who experienced a traumatic event. PTSD is becoming quite common because of the war that we are going through and all the violence in the world. Around 19 percent of Vietnam veterans have Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) at some point after their service in the war. There are a variety of treatments. There is Prolonged Exposure, Cognitive Processing Therapy, Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing, Group Therapy and Family/Couples Therapy. Cognitive Processing Therapy
Another treatment is, Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT). In CPT you focus on examining and challenging thoughts about your experience. It gives you the skills to handle the distressing thoughts. The treatment helps you understand what you experienced and how it changed your perspective of the world, yourself and others. You have to visit you therapist regularly for twelve sessions. CPT has four parts just like PE. First you learn your symptoms and how treatment can help. Secondly you become aware of your thoughts and feelings. Thirdly you learn skills to challenge your thoughts and feelings. Lastly you understand the common changes in beliefs that occur after your trauma. In addition with your sessions your therapist will give you an assignment to help use your skills outside of therapy (Sharpless, 2010). A technique for Cognitive Therapy is flooding. Flooding is exposing a client to their fear with avoiding it. Flooding is based on classical conditioning. An example of flooding would be if a person had a trauma experience with a dog then the therapist would bring a dog in and put it right next to you. While the dog is by you the therapist will go through the techniques steps. The first step is for the client to tell a 15 to 20 minute “story” with a lot of detail and images. The next step is for the therapist to ask questions and encourage the client to stay on task. The therapist wants the client to say all details and not to leave anything out. The third step is the therapist to monitor and record the client’s heart rate at regular intervals. The last step is to stage the treatment depending on the schedule. The schedule is pretreatment for 2 minutes, flooding trial 1 for 20 minutes, intertrial interval for 5 minutes, flooding trial 2 for 20 minutes and post treatment for...
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