Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: PTSD
University of Hawaii at Hilo
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, also known as PTSD, refers to deep emotional wounds. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is an anxiety disorder characterized by haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety, and insomnia that lingers for four weeks or more after a traumatic experience (Myers, 2011). Post Traumatic Stress Disorder categorizes it self as one of the anxiety disorders. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder results from being exposed to an event, or even a series of events, that is very over whelming and stressful; like war, rape or abuse (Schiraldi, 2000). Normal people give normal responses to an abnormal situation (Schiraldi, 2000). They say that Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is a normal response to an abnormal situation because the condition is understandable and what happened has overwhelmed normal coping responses (Schiraldi, 2000). There are a wide variety of events that happen in life, which can trigger Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. All of the events fall under three categories. These three categories include; Intentional Human, which is the most difficult to recover from, followed by Unintentional Human, then Acts of Nature, which is the least complex to deal with (Beckner & Arden, 2008). Some examples of Intentional Human events are: Combat War, Sexual Abuse, Physical Abuse, Emotional Abuse, Torture, Criminal Assault, Hostage, Terrorism, Witnessing a Homicide, Kidnapping and many more (Beckner & Arden, 2008). Some Unintentional Human events are: Fires, Burns, Explosions, Vehicle Accidents, Plane Crashes, Nuclear Disasters, Surgical Damage to Body/Loss of Body Part, and lots more (Beckner & Arden, 2008). Acts of Nature events include: Hurricanes, Tornados, Floods, Typhoons, Earthquakes, Avalanches, Fires, Droughts, Attacked by an Animal (such as a Lion), Sudden Life-Threatening Illness, Volcanic Eruptions, Drought, Sudden Death (loss of unborn child), and many more (Beckner & Arden, 2008). Every case of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is not the same. There are many different acts of display and feelings of emotion that one can use if they had Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Some people that have the Post Traumatic Stress Disorder may feel frightened, sad, anxious, or even disconnected; while other victims feel that they are constantly in danger, afraid, aggressive, and have those painful memories that keep replaying in their minds, which mess with their everyday lives (England, 2009). Some victims may display self destructive behavior like drinking more constantly, smoking tobacco, and some may even turn to drugs such as heroin, methamphetamine, or marijuana (England, 2009). Post Traumatic Stress Disorder victims sometimes hear or see things that are really not there. They avoid activities that they once enjoyed with a passion (England, 2009). Memory problems and concentrating are also difficulties of symptoms that Post Traumatic Stress Disorder victims display. All of the symptoms that someone would display if they had Post Traumatic Stress Disorder would not always be shown (Beckner & Arden, 2008). Symptoms come and go; some days they get a lot of symptoms that happen and other days they only experience a few minor symptoms, or even none at all (England, 2009). Post Traumatic Stress Disorder isn’t racist or picky in any way. Any person can have Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. It doesn’t matter how old or young you are, it doesn’t matter what color you are. If you have been through a tragic point in your life where you feel like you can’t move on anymore and your life is no longer enjoyable because of experiencing an event, or even series of events that was very over whelming and stressful, you may have Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (Flannery, 1997). Women are more likely to report, if asked, that they have Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, although, both men and women report having...
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