Psychoanalytic theories- theories proposing that development change happens because of the influence of internal drives and emotions on behavior. This originated Viennese physician Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) (Page 24: Lifespan Development). Psychoanalytic theorists believe that developmental change happens because internal drives and emotions influence behavior. According to Sigmund Freud, personality develops through a series of stages in which the energies of the id are focused on certain erogenous areas. This psychosexual energy, or libido, (roughly translated as sexual drives or instincts) was described as the driving force behind behavior. It consists of five separate phases: oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital. In the development of his theories, Freud's main concern was with sexual desire, defined in terms of formative drives, instincts and appetites that result in the formation of an adult personality. He also argued that personality has three parts: id, ego, and superego. Id is the part of the personality that compromises a person’s basic sexual and aggressive impulses; it contains the libido and motivates a person to seek pleasure and avoid plain. Next, ego states the thinking element of personality. Last, superego states the part of personality that is the moral judge. (Page 24: Lifespan Development). The ego is responsible for keeping the three components of personality in balance. Many of Freud’s patients had memories of sexual feelings are important to personality development. Based on his patients’ childhood memories, Freud proposed a series of psychosexual stages. The psychosexual stages of personality development through which children move in a fixed sequence determined by maturation. Examples of the theory are: oral phase, anal phase, phallic phase, latency phase, and genital phase.
The oral stage in psychology is the term used by Sigmund Freud to...