A Personal Theory of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Counseling

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Running head: A PERSONAL THEORY OF COGNITIVE-1

A Personal Theory of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Counseling

Mary L. Terry
Student ID #: 22185762
Liberty University

Abstract

A counselor’s job is to journey along with their client and to provide insight and support to those who are at risk and those who are hurting and searching for comfort and acceptance. If the counselor is a Christian they will also want to share our Heavenly Father’s love with the counselee and help guide them on a path that will lead them to Christ. There are several different techniques that can be used to break through the walls of some people in order to help them recognize the basis for their feelings whether it is such things as sin or faulty thinking. A counselor must learn to listen, show empathy, and be able to build a trust-based relationship with each person they have as a client. It is also necessary for the counselor to be able to relate to the client in a way that the client is able to understand what action they need to take in order to make a lasting change.

A Personal Theory of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Counseling
According to Jones and Butman (p. 197, 1991), cognitive-behavior counselors believe that behavior can be caused by internal events as well as mental events. Cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT), although built upon the fundamentals of behavioral therapy, embraces the idea that thoughts can be an important aspect in behaviors as well. (Jones & Butman, pp. 198-199). Model of Personality and Human Development

Personality Development
The study of the development of personality focuses on the lasting characteristics that differentiate one person from another over their lifetimes according to Feldman (2008, p. 6). Corey (p. 63, 2009) informs us that personality starts developing during the very earliest times of a child’s life and carries on all the way through the lifespan. Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development describes how one can come to understand themselves, as well as other people’s behaviors. Erikson’s theory is illustrated as having eight stages that start with infancy and continues through later life (60 years of age and older). Using Erikson’s theory can help the counselor by providing conjectural tools for understanding key developmental tasks typical of the different stages of life (Corey, pp. 67-68; Terry, 2011). When using Hawkins’ (n.d.) five stages of concentric circles, if one looks at each circle and uses his grid for tacking processes one can determine what has had an effect on one’s client. The core, soul, body, temporal systems, and supernatural systems are what make up the five stages of personality as outlined by Hawkins. According to him all five of these forces work together to shape the development of a person.

According to Murdock (p. 326, 2009) when children are trying to understand their environments they organize the information into schemas. Positive or negative experiences correspond with one’s view of one’s self and the world. If the experiences are negative, one will probably have a negatively distorted view of one’s self and of the world in general while if the experiences are mostly positive one will have a positively skewed view of one’s self and the world (Murdock). Human Development

Human development not only includes the development of the body but also the mind, personality, and social development. The physical body development includes how the brain, nerves, muscles, and other systems develop and how behaviors are affected by these systems (Feldman, pg. 6). This is as the Bible tells us, “For you created my inmost being; you knit me together in my mother’s womb. I praise you because I am fearfully and wonderfully made” (Psalm 139:13-14a). According to Feldman (p.6) cognitive development is the intellectual growth linked to learning, memory, and how to solve problems. Personality includes the established uniqueness that distinguishes one person from...
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