Psychology Vocab

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Vocabulary

Psychology- the science of the mind or of mental states and processes Structuralism- a sociological theory based on the premise that society comes before individuals Gestalt Psychology- a theory of psychology that emphasizes the importance of configurationally properties Functionalism- a psychology based on the assumption that all mental process is useful to an organism in adapting to the environment Psychoanalytic perspective- is a body of ideas developed by Austrian physician Sigmund Freud and continued by others. It is primarily devoted to the study of human psychological functioning and behavior, although it can also be applied to societies. Behaviorist perspective- is different from most other perspectives because they view people as controlled by their environment Humanistic psychology- A theoretical view of human nature which stresses a positive view of human nature and the strong belief in psychological homeostasis Cognitive perspective- the school of psychology that examines internal mental processes, such as creativity, perception, thinking, problem solving, memory, and language Biological perspective- study behavioral genomics consider how genes affect behavior. Social-cultural perspective-

Behavior genetics- is the field of study that examines the role of genetics in animal (including human) behavior Positive psychology – Movement that focuses on helping people to live more fulfilling lives; sees psychology as a study of strength and virtue, not just disease, weakness, and damage Basic research- is research carried out to increase understanding of fundamental principles. Many times the end results have no direct or immediate commercial benefits: basic research can be thought of as arising out of curiosity Applied research- is research accessing and using some part of the research communities' (the academy's) accumulated theories, knowledge, methods, and techniques, for a specific, often state, commercial, or client driven purpose...
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