Psychology: Intelligence and Classical Conditioning

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Chapter 1-4 Psychology
1) Nerves are composed of many- neurons.

2) In which field of study do researchers attempt to identify the effects of heredity on psychological characteristics? -behavioral genetics

3) The term "perception" correctly applies to which of the following situations? -You must decide how far your car is from an object in the road.

4) Mary is undergoing treatment for the muscular tension that causes her to experience migraine headaches. Every week, Mary is hooked up to a machine that monitors the muscle responses in her forehead while she learns to relax. What is the name for this form of treatment? –biofeedback

5) Maria has the most common form of color blindness. Which task will be especially challenging for her? -Distinguishing the colors of a traffic light.

6) Long-distance runners sometimes report a natural high and a reduction in pain sensitivity associated with the release of?- endorphins.

7) The definition of psychology is generally considered to be?- the understanding of behavior and mental processes.

8) Which part of the eye controls the amount of light that enters the eye?- pupil

9) The "hook-swinging" ritual of rural India?- demonstrates a cross-cultural difference in the experience of pain.

10) You are driving along a dimly lit country road late at night. Which receptor cells are working the hardest?- rods

11) The study of the effects of worry or anxiety on bodily symptoms is a focus of _____ psychology.- health

12) Trichromatic theory explains color blindness by suggesting that?- one of the primary cone systems in the eye malfunctions.

13) The function of the three tiny bones of the middle ear is to?- amplify sound waves being relayed to the oval window.

14) Of the following, which sound has the highest decibel level?- auto horn

15) The central nervous system (CNS) consists of?- the brain and spinal cord.

16) Humans do not see ultraviolet light or infrared light because _____.-their wavelengths are outside the visible spectrum

17) Suppose that a theater snack shop promoted sales of popcorn and chips by flashing briefly on the screen the words "Buy Snacks." If snack sales subsequently increased, this would seem to support the notion of- subliminal perception.

18) Higher mental functions that distinguish humans from other species are localized in the brain's.- cerebral cortex.

19) What is a neuron?- the basic unit of the nervous system

20) A gymnast's ability to balance herself on a thin piece of wood is regulated in the.- ear.

Chapter 5-6
1) When comparing and contrasting operant and classical conditioning, such psychologists as John Donahue argue that? -they are probably more similar than different, sharing underlying processes.

2) Research by psychologist Deirdre Barrett suggests that dreams may be especially helpful in?- solving visual problems.

3) Approximately ____ percent of the population cannot be hypnotized.- 5-20

4) According to studies on the content of dreams, the most commonly reported thematic element is?- aggression.

5) A person trained in meditation repeats the same sound over and over again, a phrase known as a?- mantra.

6) People with a relational learning style are able to acquire new information by?- examining problems as a whole.

7) Which of the following is an example of the behavioral process known as extinction?- Lauren no longer shops at her neighborhood bakery because they stopped making her favorite kind of bagels.

8) Which of the following naturally elicits the response with which it is paired, even without conditioning?- unconditioned stimulus

9) Temporary sleep deprivation can lead to?- slower reaction times, lower academic performance, and an inability to concentrate.

10) During the first half of the night, most sleepers will predominately experience _____ sleep, whereas they will...
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