This assignment is being submitted on December 4th, 2011 for Gareth Buckland for G350/GEO3376 Section 03 Conservation of Resources - Fall 2011 at Rasmussen College by Elizabeth Rodriguez. Protecting Fresh Water Resources
Freshwater ecosystems such as rivers and lakes provide drinking water, food, energy, transportation and even joy. But a staggering amount of fresh water is wasted or spoiled every day. Experts warn that in the next 20 years, half of the world’s population could face water shortages. There are practical solutions to freshwater conservation. These solutions ensure we meet our current needs and conserve this precious resource for future generations [ (The Nature Conservancy, 2011) ]. There are programs or Act created by the government and nonprofit organizations to protect our water supplies. The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) created in 1970 [ (The United States Environmental Protection Agency) ], The National Wild and Scenic Rivers System, created by Congress in 1968 (Public Law 90-542; 16 U.S.C. 1271 et seq.) [ (National Wild and Scenic Rivers, 2007) ], and The Freshwater Wetland, passed by Legislature in 1975 (The Department of Enviromental Conservation, 2011), and The Nature Conservancy Fresh Water Conservation Program, Contaminants of Emerging Concern (CEC), and The Department of Ecology are some examples. The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
EPA was established on December 2, 1970 to consolidate in one agency a variety of federal research, monitoring, standard-setting and enforcement activities to ensure environmental protection. Since its inception, EPA has been working for a cleaner, healthier environment for the American people [ (The United States Environmental Protection Agency) ]. EPA's Strategic Plan identifies the measurable environmental and human health outcomes the public can expect from EPA and describes how they intend to achieve those results. The mission of EPA is to protect human health and the environment. Their purpose is to ensure that all Americans are protected from significant risks to human health and the environment where they live, learn and work; national efforts to reduce environmental risk are based on the best available scientific information; federal laws protecting human health and the environment are enforced fairly and effectively; environmental protection is an integral consideration in U.S. policies concerning natural resources, human health, economic growth, energy, transportation, agriculture, industry, and international trade, and these factors are similarly considered in establishing environmental policy; all communities, individuals, businesses, and state, local and tribal governments have access to accurate information sufficient to effectively participate in managing human health and environmental risks; environmental protection contributes to making our communities and ecosystems diverse, sustainable and economically productive; and the United States plays a leadership role in working with other nations to protect the global environment [ (The United States Environmental Protection Agency) ]. Compliance and Enforcement is an integral part of environmental protection. Compliance with the nation's environmental laws is the ultimate objective, but enforcement is a vital part of encouraging governments, businesses and other companies who are regulated to meet their environmental obligations. EPA's Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance (OECA) pursues enforcement and provides compliance assistance to areas that yield the most environmental benefit or reduce risk to human health. Enforcement and compliance actions are organized around environmental problems and broad patterns of non-compliance rather than provisions of single statutes [ (The United States Environmental Protection Agency) ]. The National Wild and...