Project Report on Ultrasonic Proximity Detector

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  • Topic: Ultrasound, Ultrasonic sensor, Sound
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  • Published : January 31, 2011
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MINOR PROJECT REPORT

SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT FOR THE AWARD OF BACHELOR’S DEGREE

IN

ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING

OF

RAJASTHAN TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY

SUBMITTED BY:

DEEPAK SHARMA
HITESH GOURANA
HITESH RAJPUROHIT
(VII SEMESTER)
(2010-11)

PROJECT ON

ULTRASONIC OBJECT DETECTION
DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING

JODHPUR INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY
NH – 65, MOGRA, JODHPUR 342 002
CERTIFICATE

This is to certify that the following students

• Deepak Sharma(EC/07/36)

• Hitesh Gourana (EC/07/45)

• Hitesh Rajpurohit(EC/07/46)

Have successfully completed the project titled “ULTRASONIC OBJECT DETECTION” towards the partial fulfillment of the degree of Bachelor of Technology in Electronics and Communication Engineering of the Rajasthan Technical University during academic year 2010-2011.

………………… …………………..

Prof. Piyush Vyas Prof. K.K Arora

Internal guide Head of the department

……………….. …………………….

Internal examiner External examine

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

A research work owes its success from commencement to completion to the people in love with researchers at various stages

I take this opportunity to convey my sincere thanks to all those who have directly or indirectly helped me in the completion of this project.

I, first and foremost, would like to express my earnest gratitude to Mr. Piyush Vyas who has constantly guided me throughout this project. I have learnt a lot under his mentorship and he has clearly helped me in enhancing my knowledge .

I am also grateful to Mr. Ajay (assistant of Lab.) who has always given his valuable suggestions and ideas in the course of this project

I extend my deepest thanks to Mr. K.K.Arora, HOD, ECE for being a constant source of motivation and inspiration. I have benefitted a lot from his without the assistance of the above mentioned; this report couldn’t have been brought in its present form.

CONTENT
1. INTRODUCTION…………………………………………………….1 2. NECESSITY OF SYSTEM………………………………………...…2 3. MARKET SURVEY…………………………………………………..4 4. PCB DESIGNING…………………………………………………….5 5. PRECAUTIONS………………………………………………………6 6. SOLDERING TECHNIQUES………………………………………..7 7. CIRCUIT DIAGRAM………………………………………………...8 8. PCB LAYOUTS………………………………………………………9 9. COMPONENTS……………………………………………………...11 10. ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCER…………………………………….13 11. TRANSMITTER……………………………………………………..14 12. RECEIVER…………………………………………………………...15 13. ADVANTAGES……………………………………………………...16 14. APPLICATIONS……………………………………………………..17 15. DATA SHEETS………………………………………………………18

Introduction

Statistics show that automotive accidents occur regularly as a result of blind-spots and driver inattentiveness. Such incidents can have a large financial cost associated with them, as well as injury and loss of life. There are several methods currently available to assist drivers in avoiding such collisions. The simplest method is the installation of devices to increase the driver's field of view, such as extra mirrors and wide angle lenses. However, these still rely on an alert human observer and do not completely eliminate blind-spots. Another approach is to use an automated system which utilizes sensors such as sonar or radar to gather range information. The range data is processed, and the driver is warned if a collision is imminent.

1.
NECESSITY OF SYSTEM
Today technology is replacing itself everyday. A new day begins with some innovative device. But with this increasing development and growth other problems are also coming to existence. We have tried and dedicate this project for the betterment of humanity and our mother earth. Due to errors and...
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