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Problems in Operation Management

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Problems in Operation Management

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  • October 2010
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ABSTRACT
This assignment asserts that problem identification and problem solving processes can be integrated into work processes by imbedding tests that evaluate system-performance. These tests are imbedded in individual work activities, in the connections that link those who provide a product, service, or information with those who receive it, and in the overall construction of pathways over which products, services, and information take their final form. These immediate tests are possible if work designs are specified before work is performed, and these immediate tests have most value if each indication that a problem has occurred is followed immediately by root-cause analysis and structured problem solving. This assignment shows how the specific tools of the Toyota Production System (‘TPS’) such as pull-systems, comprehensive approach to managing collaborative work systems that allows frequent, fine-grained problem identification and improvement in overall organizational structure, coordinative mechanisms, and task-performance. Therefore, this assignment phrases Toyota’s practices in terms of solving problems of work delegation, coordination, and execution. To explain Toyota’s performance advantages, much focus has been on Toyota’s Just-in-Time tools such as kanban-card paced pull systems, frequent, small batch production and delivery, and reduced inventories. For instance, Hopp and Spearman (2000) have contrasted ConWIP and kanban control of production flows. Deleersnyder et al (1989) and Lee (1989) have compared the relative efficacy of push and pull approaches for production.

INTRODUCTION

Just-in-time (JIT) is an inventory strategy that strives to improve a business's return on investment by reducing in-process inventory and associated carrying costs. Just In Time production method is also called the Toyota Production System. To meet JIT objectives, the process relies on signals or Kanban ,between different points in the process,...