How are we to approach groups? In this article we review the development of theory about groups. We look at some different definitions of groups, and some of the key dimensions to bear in mind when thinking about them. [pic][pic]
Groups are a fundamental part of social life. As we will see they can be very small - just two people - or very large. They can be highly rewarding to their members and to society as a whole, but there are also significant problems and dangers with them. All this makes them an essential focus for research, exploration and action. A group is two or more persons who are interacting with one another in such a manner that each person influences and is influenced by each other person (Shaw 1971). For a collection of people to be defined as a group, the members must: • interact with one another
• be socially attracted to each other
• share goals or objectives
• have a shared identity which distinguishes them from other groups What is interaction ?
Interaction is a kind of action that occurs as two or more objects have an effect upon one another. The idea of a two-way effect is essential in the concept of interaction, as opposed to a one-way causal effect. A closely related term is interconnectivity, which deals with the interactions of interactions within systems: combinations of many simple interactions can lead to surprising emergent phenomena. Interaction has different tailored meanings in various sciences. Casual examples of interaction outside of science include: i. Communication of any sort, for example two or more people talking to each other, or communication among groups, organizations, nations or states: trade, migration, foreign relations, transportation, ii. The feedback during the operation of machines such as a computer or tool, for example the interaction between a driver and the position of his or her car on the road: by steering the driver influences this position, by observation this information returns to the driver.
Dear Ladies and Gentlemen,
We have gathered today to speak about the problems faced in group interaction and ways to overcome these problems. This is very deep theme, and I am sure that anyone has many stories based on the challenges and their overcoming. But today we will concentrate on the issue of overcoming. Before we go through the topic, that is some problem occur during group interaction are:
i. Lack of communication is often the result of misunderstandings about the purpose of the group, what it hopes to achieve and the way it should work. Examples can be seen all around you every day and they constitute some of the major people problems you will encounter: ➢ Anry people shouting because they cannot be understood. ➢ Frustrated people sulking because no one listened to them. ➢ Bosses who are frustrated by the activities of the firm’s grapevine. ➢ Chatterboxes talking at each other rather than to each other. ➢ Miserable people who took everything personally.
➢ Firms that have gone into liquidation because they never got their message across. ➢ Poor industrial relations because neither party understands the other. ➢ Silent people opting out because they could not understand.
ii. Power Struggles
When a group is functioning well, many members in the group are involved and active, taking equal responsibility for sharing the work load. Sometimes the original members of the group may find it difficult to 'let go' of these responsibilities, even though they may want to do so.
iii. Colonialism occurs when a racial or ethnic group from one society takes over and dominates the racial or ethnic group(s) of another society.
As a result of the conceptualization process, parties to the conflict attempt to implement their resolution by behaving in the pattern they have selected as most likely to achieve the desired result....