PRIMARY SCHOOL ENROLLMENT AND GENDER GAP IN NIGERIA
Nigeria is a federation of 36 States and a Federal Capital Territory. There are three(3) types of Governments; the Federal, State and Local Governments. Each State is governed by an elected Governor, while each local government is headed by an elected Chairman who is the Chief Executive assisted by a Secretary who is the administrative head. Nigeria sit on a Land Area of :923,768 sq. km with of 158 million (2009 estimates; Sources: National Population Commission).
Nigeria is a member of several World bodies: The United Nations Organization and its agencies, UNESCO, UNICEF who have had course to set targets at one time or the other for the development of Primary education. UNO member countries have been asked , to democratize and universalize primary education. African Union (AU) and the Economic Council for Africa (ECA), Commonwealth of Nations, UNESCO (1995) had set 2000 as the year for achieving Education for All (EFA), Also, UNICEF has set Millennium Goals for members of the UNO to achieve Education for All by the year 2015 – with emphasis on the compulsory provision of primary school education for both boys and girls.
Nigeria already believed and had set up steps for educating all her children of school age before the March, 1990 World Declaration on Education For All. Attempts at both State and Federal levels in Nigeria to introduce universal primary education date back to the 1950s’ as follows:
* Introduction of Universal Primary Education (UPE) in Western Region in 1955;
* Introduction of Universal Primary Education (UPE) in Eastern Region in 1957;
* Introduction of Universal Primary Education (UPE) in Lagos (former Federal Territory) in 1957;
* A National Policy on Education blue-print, 1977, revised 1981, 1985,& 1998
aimed at Universal & qualitative education;
* Introduction of Universal free primary Education (UPE) in 1976; and
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