Influence of Demogaphic Factors on the Use of Digital Library by the Post Graduate Students in Private Universities: a Case Study of Babcock and Convenant University in Ogun State

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INFLUENCE OF DEMOGAPHIC FACTORS ON THE USE OF DIGITAL LIBRARY BY THE POST GRADUATE STUDENTS IN PRIVATE UNIVERSITIES: A CASE STUDY OF BABCOCK AND CONVENANT UNIVERSITY IN OGUN STATE

BY

DIYAOLU AKOREDE MUFUTAU,

OKUNLAYA RIFQAH OLUFUNMILAYO AFOLAKE,

AND

IBRAHIM RASAKI OLUWADAMILARE

FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE ABEOKUTA

P.M.B 2240,

ABEOKUTA,

OGUN STATE,

NIGERIA.

Abstract

The advent of technology has influenced the way human activities are being conducted today. The education sector in Nigeria is probably the most influenced due to the rapid growth being witnessed in the sector. Information technology is facilitating virtual delivery of programs and conduct of research. This study using survey research approach is the description of the influence of demographic factor on the use of digital libraries by postgraduate students in private universities in Nigeria. Two of such universities located in Ogun state, Nigeria were selected for the study and copies of structured questionnaire were randomly distributed among respondents to gather data. The study found out that there is a significant difference in the level of income of students from both universities in relation to the use of digital resources. In conclusion, the study recommends that both young and old students should be encouraged and sensitized on the use of digital library and the resources it has.

Definition of terms

Demographics comprises selected characteristics of a population (age and income distribution, marital status, gender, for instance) for purposes of social studies.

Digital Library: An organization, which might be virtual, that comprehensively collects, manages and preserves for the long term rich digital content, and offers to its user communities specialized functionality on that content, of measurable quality and according to codified policies.

Digital formats: Electronic formats suitable for digital library material includes: Text formats, such as RTF (Rich Text Format), Markup languages –HTML and XML, PDF (Portable document format) and Image formats –MPEG, JPEC etc.

Electronic resources: Carriers of information that are in different electronic formats (books, journal, magazines, audio-visual and other information and communication technology gadgets) that are required to be available and accessible for the benefit of users.

Use: It is the extent to which postgraduates students patronize and benefit from the available resources and services in libraries. In this study, use is meant to describe the extent to which the digital resources facilities and services are exploited or utilized by the postgraduate students of the private universities.

INTRODUCTION

Universities in Nigeria and the world over are engines of growth and development. They are increasingly recognized to have a broader role in the social, economic, technological and manpower development of a nation. In fact, the universities serve as the main source of supply of highly skilled manpower needed in the various sectors of the nation. The National Policy on Education (2004) acknowledges that university education shall make optimum contribution to national development by intensifying and diversifying its programme for the development of high level manpower within the context of the needs of the nation.

In line with the provision of the policy, Nigeria has established many universities for the production of the much needed manpower for her economic, political, environmental, technological and socio-cultural development. Nigerian universities, are charged with the functions of conservation of knowledge; pursuit, promotion and dissemination of knowledge through teaching; advancement of knowledge through...
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