Presidents of the Philippine Republic

Topics: Philippines, President of the Philippines, Ferdinand Marcos Pages: 5 (1260 words) Published: May 16, 2013

This list starts from the ratification of the Philippine Constitution in the First Republic ─ after the independence of the country in 1898. Thus, this list starts from the ratification of 1899 Constitution where Emilio Aguinaldo was the President of the Republic of the Philippines. The dates followed by their names are the dates of their terms:

Presidents of the Philippines from Past to Present:

1. General Emilio Aguinaldo (January 23, 1899 – April 01, 1901) * First President
* Youngest President – he became the country’s leader at the age of 28 * Longest-lived president – he died when he was 94
* One of the active leaders of KKK
* Signed the Pact of Biak na Bato
* Known as the President of the Revolutionary Government
* He fought against the Spanish and American to retain our independence

2. Manuel L. Quezon (November 15, 1935 – August 01, 1944) * First Senate President elected as President of the Philippines * First President elected through a national election
* First President under the Commonwealth
* He created National Council of Education
* He initiated women’s suffrage in the Philippines during the Commonwealth * He made Tagalog / Filipino as the National Language of the Philippines

3. Jose P. Laurel (October 14, 1943 – August 17, 1945)
* He was considered as the Legitimate President of the Philippines * He organized KALIBAPI (Kapisanan sa Paglilingkod sa Bagong Pilipinas) * He declared Martial Law in 1944
* He and his family developed the establishment of Lyceum of the Philippines

4. Sergio Osmeña (August 01, 1944 – May 28, 1946)
* He was 65 when he became President ─ making him the oldest President to hold the office * He was the First Visayan to become President
* He joined US General Douglas McArthur in Leyte on October 20, 1944 starting the freedom of the Philippines from the Japanese during World War II * During his time, the Philippine National Bank has been rehabilitated and the country joined the International Monetary Fund * On his time, the Bell Trade Act was approved by the US Congress

5. Manuel Roxas (May 28, 1946 – April 15, 1948)
* He was inaugurated as the New and First President of the New Republic because the Philippines was finally free after the WWII * In his time, the country has started reconstruction from war damage and the Philippines started breathing without foreign rule * Under his term, the Philippine Rehabilitation Act and Philippine Trade Act laws were accepted by the Congress

6. Elpidio Quirino (April 17, 1948 – December 30, 1953) * Under his term Hukbalahap movement was active
* He created Social Security Commission
* He also created Integrity Board to monitor graft and corruption * In 1948, Quezon City was the Capital of the Philippines * Peso and Dollar Exchange Rate at his time was USD 1 – PHP 2

7. Ramon Magsaysay (December 30, 1953 – March 17, 1957) * He was a Chairman of the Committee on Guerilla Affairs
* He was the First President sworn into office wearing Barong Tagalog in his inauguration * His Presidency was referred as the Philippines’ Golden Years for it was the cleanest and zero-corruption * The Philippines was ranked 2nd in Asia’s clean and well-governed countries * He established National Resettlement and Rehabilitation Administration (NARRA) among his agrarian reforms

8. Carlos P. Garcia (March 18, 1957 – December 30, 1961) * He was known for “Filipino First Policy”
* He established the Austerity Program focusing on Filipino Trade and Commerce * He was known as the “Prince of Visayan Poets” and the “Bard from Bohol” * Cultural Arts was revived during his time

* He was the First President to have his remains buried at the Libingan ng mga Bayani

9. Diosdado Macapagal (December 30, 1961 – December 30, 1965) * He...
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