Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust
Assignment 1, Port management SJ0371
Department of Shipping and Marine Technology
CHALMERS UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY
Göteborg, Sweden, 2008
Jawaharlal Nehru Port (JNPT) is Indians second youngest port after Ennore in Chennai. The development of JNPT in 1989 was because of the need for an alternate port in the Mumbai region to handle the increasing traffic. India’s increasing international trade necessitated the development of additional facilities to decongest the traffic at the Mumbai Port. With its vast back up area JNPT was believed to have a strong potential for the development of additional facilities as per demand and was ideally suited for future maritime requirements. Port cargo handling facilities include container terminals, a liquid handling terminal and a shallow water berth which can handle break-bulk and container traffic both. Globalization has led to an increase in world trade highlighting the importance of ports as a trade gateway. About 95% by volume and 70% by value of India’s international trade is carried out through its port. India’s coast line of 7517 km is dotted with 12 Major Ports and 187 non-major ports. The Major Ports are under the control of the Central Government and the non-major Ports are under the respective State Governments. (KPMG, 2010)
Figure [ 1 ] major and minor ports in India (JNPT)
JNPT is located at the eastern end of Mumbai in the Nhava Sheva area and situated at latitude 18º 56’ 43” N and longitude 72º 56’ 24” E. JNPT’s approach channel is an extension of the Mumbai Harbour main channel. In the Nhava Sheva area at the eastern end of Mumbai Bay is located Jawaharlal Nehru Port, approx 33 km inland of the Mumbai Harbour Channel entrance point at sea. The Elephanta Island is on one side, facing the port and Nhava and Sheva Islands are on the other end. JNPT lies towards the east of the Bombay Port. GTI
Figure [ 2 ]satelite image showing JNPT and its location with respect to land masses, also marked are the 3 container terminals and the liquid cargo berth (Google) 3. Salient features
JNPT has an important place amongst Indian ports due to the kind of traffic that it serves as well as being a pioneer in involving large-scale private sector participation. It is also one of the first ports to initiate this exercise. Some of the salient features of JNPT and why it has become one of the most important ports in India in such a short time span. (KPMG, 2010) * Accredited with ISO 9001-2008 and ISO 27001:2005 Certification * Ranks 31st among the top 100 Container Ports in the world * Handles 56% of India’s total containerized cargo
* Highly automated and computerized operations with Single Window System * Recipient of Indira Priyadarshini Vrikshamitra Award – 1996 for the Greenest Port in India * Equipped with the latest Vessel Traffic Management System (VTMS) to track/monitor vessel movements ensuring safe navigation * Spread over a land area of 2,584 hectares
* Served by 16 Container Freight Stations and over 23 Inland Container Depots * Well connected by National Rail/Road network
At present JNPT has three container terminals; Jawaharlal Nehru Port Container Terminal (JNPCT), Nhava Sheva International Container Terminal (NSICT) and Gateway Terminal of India (GTI). Apart from this JNPT also has a shallow berth and two captive liquid cargo berths for BPCL. JNPCT is operated by JNPT and NSICT (set up on BOT basis) is operated by a private partnership. The GTI is the third container terminal (on BOT basis) by a consortium of MAERSK and CONCOR. Liquid Chemical Terminal – Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL) and Indian Oil Limited (IOL) are operating a liquid bulk terminal on BOT basis to handle bulk liquid Chemicals, POL and edible oil.
Shallow Water berth - It can handle both break bulk and...