Nepal witnessed an extraordinary popular movement in April 2006.The movement aimed at restoring democracy, it was aimed at regaining popular control over govt. from the king.
Nepal a third wave country, had won democracy in 1990.
--King was formally the head of the state but the real power was excerised by the elected representatives.
--The king Birendra, was the one who accepted this transition from absolute monarchy to constitutional monarchy, he and his family was massacred in 2001.
--King Gayendra the new king of Nepal was not prepared to accept democratic rule, on feburary 2005 he dismissed the Prime minister and dissolved the popularly elected Parliament.
Events during the popular revolt:
All the political parties in the parliament formed an alliance--Seven party alliance--SPA and called for four day strike in Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal.
2. The protests turned into indefinite strike in which Maoist and various organisations joined hands. 3.People defied curfews and took to streets.
4.More than lakhs of people gathered almost everyday to demand retoration of democracy, on 21 april they served an ultimatum to the king and the leaders rejected the halfhearted concessions given by the king and struck to their demand s.
5.their main demands were--a)restoration of parliament,
b)power to an all party govt.
c)new constituent assembly.
On 24th april , the king was forced to conceed to all the demands
--Girija Prasad Koirala was choosen as the new PM of the interim givt.
--The SPA & Maoist came to an understanding as to how new Constituent Assembly was to be elected.
--Parliament passed laws taking most of the powers of the king.
It was known as second movement of democracy in Nepal.
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