Politication of Census in Nigeria

Topics: Population, World population, Demography Pages: 19 (5996 words) Published: May 18, 2013
Insan Akademika Publications

P-ISSN: 2301-4458 E-ISSN: 2301-8038 Vol. 01, No. 02 Oct 2012


Significance of 2006 Head Counts and House Census to Nigerian Sustainable Development Kofo A. Aderogba
Department of Geography and Environmental Sciences Tai Solarin University of Education Ijebu-Ode, Ogun State, Nigeria kofoaderogba@yahoo.com

Key words
Population census, Limitations, Sustainable development, Virtues, Nigeria

The 2006 population censu was scheduled, planned and executed. The objective of this paper is to highlight the uniqueness and credible attributes of the exercise: and to make recommendations for subsequent census exercisein the country. The state commisioners were interviewed. NPC (National Population Commision) websites was visited and documents from the NPC office were perused. Literatures on National Population Commision were also read and used. The structure, system and organization can be compared to thatof developed countries. The organisation now use new and improved technology. The activities of the organisation are more reliable as enumeration areas were demarcated to scales. AFIS (Automated Fingerprint Identification System) were implored and Geographic Information System was intended to be used to store the results. Suffice it to say that despite all efforts made by all organs of Government to create awareness and plan logistics, some challenges were still encountered. Nevertheless, there were also some positive responses as it threw more light on the number, quality, type and design of houses in various communities. All organs of the governments were engaged. From planning to execution, adequate awareness and preparation were made to avoid the usual riddles that characterized the previous exercises. The total population is 140, 003,542 unevenly distributed on the territory. © 2012 Insan Akademika All Rights Reserved



Generally, any census is aimed at enumerating all the people within a specified geographical area (Aderogba and Komolafe, 2011). It must, of necessity, be meticulously planned and conducted with the aid of comprehensive maps and human resources among others. There is, on one hand the de jure census which recognizes people according to their regular or local residences. For instance, if an Ijebu man was enumerated in Kano, he would still be classified into his family at Ijebu. While on the other hand, the de facto census, this helps allocates people to places where they are enumerated. This, usually applies to those who spend the night of the days of their enumerations at the locations where they are conated and counted. Essentially, population distribution is determined by where people sleep (night time population), not where they work (day time population). More so, the mere fact that people are expected to be counted does not mean that everybody must be interviewed because it is sufficient for a father (or a mother as the head of the family) to supply evry required information about his entire household. However, in the past, this has been a problem as the man might choose to inflate the number of wives and children he had possibly as an ego



International Journal of Basic and Applied Science, Vol 01, No. 02, Oct 2012, pp. 224-233

booster, (Omorotionmwan, 2006). He went further to say, such acts from family reprensentatives, adversely affects the original aim of census. Osinaike, et al, (2006) explains that census is “a method used for accumulating statistical data about a population, which is acclaimed to be vital to democracy”. It was further said that census data is commonly used for research, business marketing, and planning purposes. It may be said that it is now a tradition that has become part of the system of the world and thus it must be carried out at certain regular intervals as it is for developed countries of the world. However, the...
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