Political and Expansion of Suleiman the Great

Topics: Ottoman Empire, Suleiman the Magnificent, Empire Pages: 2 (440 words) Published: December 16, 2012
Under Suleiman, popularly known as "the Magnificent" or "the Lawmaker” the Ottoman Empire reached its peak in its military and political power. Suleiman's armies conquered Hungary, over which the Ottomans maintained control for over 150 years, and they advanced as far west as Vienna, threatening the Habsburgs. To the east, the Ottoman forces took control of Iraq from the Safavids of Iran. In the Mediterranean, their navy captured all the main North African ports, and for a time the Ottoman fleet completely dominated the sea. For a time the Ottoman fleet completely dominated the sea. By the end of Suleiman's reign, the Ottoman Empire extended over a great portion of Europe, Asia, and Africa. From the age of 17 Suleiman was given a number of important political posts, including three governorships. While Sultan Suleiman was known as "the Magnificent" in the West, he was always Kanuni Suleiman or "The Lawgiver" to his own Ottoman subjects. Suleiman was great both politically and in warfare. The overriding law of the empire was the Shari'ah, or Sacred Law, which as the divine law of Islam was outside of the Sultan's powers to change. Yet an area of distinct law known as the Kanuns (canonical legislation) was dependent on Suleiman's will alone, covering areas such as criminal law, land tenure and taxation. He issued a single legal code, all the while being careful not to violate the basic laws of Islam. His laws became known as the Ottoman laws. These laws lasted for over three hundred years. Suleiman has made the Ottoman Empire reach its peak in many different aspects, but especially in its military. Suleiman caused the Ottoman Empire to expand and gain more land. The lands that he conquered are Turkey, Egypt, Greece, Bulgaria, Romania, Macedonia, Hungary, Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, parts of Arabia, and much of the coastal strip of North Africa. All of these lands added to their empire making it bigger and stronger. These many lands were all controlled by...
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