Directions: Review Module 26 of Psychology and Your Life. Complete the matrix below and answer the questions that follow.
Cognitive Stage| Age Range| Major Characteristics|
Sensorimotor| Birth-2 years| Development of object permanence, development of motor skills, little or no capacity for symbolic representation (Feidman, 2010, p. 19).| Preoperational| 2-7 years| Development of language and symbolic thinking, egocentric thinking (Feidman, 2010, p. 19).| Concrete operational mastery| 7-12 years| Development of conversation, of concept of reversibility (Feidman, 2010, p. 19).| Formal operational| 12 years – adulthood| Development of logical and abstract thinking (Feidman, 2010, p. 19).|
1. This is the awareness that objects and people continue to exist, even if they are out of sight.
b. Object permanence
d. Cognitive development
2. During this stage, motor skills are developed; however, there is little or no capacity for symbolic representation.
e. Formal operational
f. Concrete operational mastery
3. This is the term for when children view the world from only their perspective.
i. Egocentric thought
4. The knowledge that quantity is unrelated to the arrangement and physical appearance of objects.
m. Principle of conservation
n. Zone of proximal development
p. Formal operational stage
5. This term involves the planning, monitoring, and revising of cognitive strategies.
r. Principle of conservation
t. Information processing
Feidman, R. S. (2010). Learning. In Psychology and Your Life (p. Ch. 8). New York, NY: McGraw Hill.