Directions: Review Module 26 of Psychology and Your Life. Complete the matrix below and answer the questions that follow.
Cognitive Stage| Age Range| Major Characteristics|
Sensorimotor step | Birth-2 years | In this stage, motor skills, from experiences and physical interactions without the use of language, are learned. | Preoperational step | 2 – 7 years| Children during this stage begin to demonstrate the use of symbols, language use as they mature, memory and imagination skills also build. | Real working mastery step | 7-12 years| In this stage, they demonstrate the use of intelligence by using logic. Their thinking still may display some limitations, bound to concrete and physical reality of the world around them. | Official operational step | 12 years-middle age | During this stage, individuals demonstrate the ability to see the larger picture, viewing the abstract, formal, and logical points of views. Their minds are no longer tied to their individual environments, able to sue logic to solve problems. |
1. This is the awareness that objects and people continue to exist, even if they are out of sight.
b. Object permanence
d. Cognitive development
2. During this stage, motor skills are developed; however, there is little or no capacity for symbolic representation.
e. Formal operational
f. Concrete operational mastery
3. This is the term for when children view the world from only their perspective.
i. Egocentric thought
4. The knowledge that quantity is unrelated to the arrangement and physical appearance of objects.
m. Principle of conservation
n. Zone of proximal development
p. Formal operational stage