PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION ASSIGNMENT

Topics: Philosophy, Western culture, Western world Pages: 5 (1035 words) Published: April 28, 2015

NAME: WILLIAM JAJA SAMPSON
REG NO: NTI/PGDE/2015/10309
SUBJECT: PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION (PGDE 107)

ON THE TOPIC:
SUCCINTLY DESCRIBE THE DIFFERENCES AND SIMILARITIES BETWEEN WESTERN AND AFRICAN PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION

SUBMITTED TO THE LECTURER: DR MARK LEIGHA
2015/2016 NTI PGDE PROGRAMME

TOPIC: SUCCINTLY DESCRIBE THE DIFFERENCES AND SIMILARITIES BETWEEN WESTERN AND AFRICAN PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION Philosophy of Education according to Okoh (1992) is the application of philosophical truths of principles using the theory and practice of education. In its technical sense, philosophy of education is a systematic study of the metaphysics, axiology and epistemology of education. The above view is in line with Akinpelu (1981) position that the philosophy of education must be formulated on the basis of nature of man and the society as considered by that society (metaphysics).It should also be based on what that society considers to be the type of knowledge with acquiring and how best it could be acquired (epistemology). The same should further rest on the value system of what is considered most valuable (axiology). The above therefore corresponds with Akinpelu’s criteria for education. However, Ezewu (1993) argued that the philosophy of education is that branch of general philosophy in which fundamental questions about education as a discipline and as a social institution of society are asked and attempts are made to answer them. Therefore, philosophy is the mirror by which people examine themselves. It provides the focus and torchlight to which the people move. A people’s philosophy may be documented, observed or expressed verbally .The most widely developed and normally documented philosophy in the world is the Western philosophy. This record dates back to about 600 years before the birth of Christ (BC). African philosophical reflections and view were preserved and transmitted through some informal channels as mythologies, wise- sayings, traditional proverbs, stories and religion. African philosophers who transmitted these to latter generations did not just advance the ideas and views without thinking and reflecting on the issues in questions. Even though they did not put their reasoning in the same way, Aristotle syllogism or Russel’s Logical form, traditional African philosophers must have followed a process of observations, reasoning and reflections before arriving at the ideas view or world views which they transmitted through the stated channels. Nevertheless, much as it is observed that the traditional African society had some philosophical thought, similar to any organized society, it is also necessary to note that not much was done to identify the individual philosophers then and their unique philosophical umbrella. We can ascertain the origin and the development of each school of philosophy developed from the Western world but the African case appears not to be so. This is a serious point of differentiation between Western and African philosophy of Education. The traditional Africans must have had their own Socrate’s, Plato’s, Aristotle’s and Dewry, and so, but these great women were not recorded and their individual philosophies noted as it was their case with their western counterparts. We must admit this as a fact of dearth of formal education and we can reflect on the wisdom conveyed in the idioms, proverbs and wise sayings of the elders as well as the mythologies and religious concepts which in most cases have not been beaten by modern science, yet it is particular individual with a recorded time in history. The traditional African philosophy suffered the same fate with the traditional education, mainly due to their informal status. It was not much that was known of the education until African Scholars started unveiling the rich contents of the education to the conviction of the...
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