Philosophy - Child Labour

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Philosopher- Ian Paul

Point: Child Labour can be Stopped by Changing International Trade Policies.

-Remaining cases of child labour should be gently taken away following economic improvement

- It should be removed slowly and still provide support for families who need it

-CHILD LABOUR- unicef defines child labour as- ages 5-11 working one hour or more for wages, or twenty-eight hours at home; ages twelve to twenty-four working fourteen hours or more for wages, or twenty-eight hours at home; ages fifteen to seventeen working forty-three hours or more for wages, or at home.

- A working child does not have access to education and proper health care and nutrition and a supportive environment to grow as a productive member of society

-If nothing is done, it will become an endless cycle of poverty extending into the unknown future to consume future generations.

- “Shutting down a factory and pulling children out of their working environment may feel like the right thing to do but it actually does more harm than good”

- UNICEF and the International Center on Child Labor and Education (ICCLE) attribute poverty to be the leading cause of child labour.

-Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia as containing the highest amounts of child workers and the industrialized nations having the lowest amounts of child labourers.

- This indicates that many children around the world are more than likely economic contributors to their households--- they are not working to save up for a car but for a loaf of bread, or basic subsistence. Under these circumstances it would be unsafe for the family and the child to lose their job, regardless of the moral imperative.

- Other leading factors in child labour include; poor or non-existent public education systems and societal beliefs that trap young girls at home and leave them illiterate and dependent upon the male members of the family.

- These contributors point to a poor economic infrastructure and the lack of the basic foundations that allow a society to develop.

-Until the early twentieth century it was not unusual to see children descending into the coal mines of Europe or behind the shop counters of North America.

-In India, children are employed in manufacturing, but more are found working in the agricultural sector or at home.

- The government has been actively passing laws to stop child labour since the 1930s. -In 2006, the Indian Parliament passed a set of laws which banned domestic work for children under the age of fourteen

- India still has approximately 11.2 million children engaged in full-time labour.

- As the economic conditions improve in India and the government ensures the equal distribution of wealth, there is no reason to suppose that child labour will continue.

- In 2005, Professor Sylvain Dessay and Stéphane Pallage of the University of Montreal published a study in the Economic Journal of Britain's Royal Economic Society.

- findings concluded that the worldwide ban on child labour, which is supported by over 150 countries as well as the International Labour Organisation (ILO), was misguided precisely because it would deny important means of economic funding and inflict damage to a developing nation's economy.

- the focus needs to be on tackling poverty to get at the root of the problem. - there are other forms of child labour such as prostitution, drug-trafficking, and children in the military. These problems should be addressed and stopped on a case by case basis.

“Without attacking poverty and the absence of proper education, an outright ban on child labour is as effective as trying to hold back the tide: you may succeed in a small area, but the tide is still coming in further down the shore.”

- A stronger display of sentiment would involve lobbying a Member of Parliament to work towards loosening trade restrictions and other financial incentives that will place developing countries on the path to prosperity. Only then will...
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