The Global Impact of Child Poverty
Child poverty has affected every area of child’s development in developing countries whether it is social, educational or personal. Child poverty refers to children who live in state of poverty. The children from poor backgrounds and orphans are raised usually with limited state resources. These children fail to meet acceptable standard of life. Usually, in developing countries these children suffer more hardship and poverty because their family has been living in poverty over so many generations. For this reason, child poverty has been one of the major issues for almost all governments in different parts of world, especially in some Asian and African countries. Of course, nation’s economic crisis is one of the main reasons for poverty that has left a deep impact on lives of millions of people. Strong evidences suggest that children of low income parents have an increased risk of intellectual and behavioural development problems. Children in poverty have higher risk of displaying behaviour and emotional problems, like impulsiveness, low self-esteem, disobedience and less positive relations. Child poverty is high on the political agenda in UK. In a recent analysis by the ‘Joseph Rowntree Foundation of Poverty and Wealth UK’, found that over past 15 years, more children have become poor, although fewer are very poor. Areas that are already wealthy have become disproportionally wealthier and there is evidence of more polarisations, whereby rich and poor now live further apart (JRF, 2007).
Child poverty affects a child on different dimensions like his physical health, birth outcomes, growth stunting, Cognitive Abilities, emotional and behavioural outcomes, it is one of the major problems which are giving rise to number of other problems such as child labour. In developed countries, it is considered inappropriate or exploitative if a child below a certain age works. An employer is usually not permitted to hire a child below a certain age limit. This age limit depends on the country and the type of work involved, minimum age convention adapted by the international labour organisation in 1973, have adapted minimum ages varying from 14 to 16. In Leicester UK 35.3% of children between 0-19 years are currently living within the official definition of child poverty. Many more families experience low income and the challenges that this brings. These children and young people are at risk of poor outcomes, reduced life chances and life expectancies. The poorest outcomes for children and young people are correlated with persistent poverty [Survey done by the city council's initial Leicester City Child Poverty UK].The Government is committed to the goal of ending child poverty. The Child Poverty Act 2010 introduced by the previous Government sets four income-based UK-wide targets to be met by 2020 and requires the Government to minimise socio-economic disadvantage for children. The targets are based on the proportion of children living in: relative low income (whether the incomes of the poorest families are keeping pace with the growth of incomes in the economy as a whole) - target is less than 10%; combined low income and material deprivation (a wider measure of people's living standards) - target is less than 5%; absolute low income (whether the poorest families are seeing their income rise in real terms) - target is less than 5%; Persistent poverty (length of time in poverty) - target is to be set in regulations by 2015. Children are suffering because of poverty and this is not an issue which is posing a threat in front of UK or the European Economic Area, it is a global issue which is taking over the Asian and African countries and even the American continent. In recent years one of five American children- some 12 to 14 million- has lived in families in which cash income failed to exceed official service threshold. Another one to fifth lived in families whose income were no more than...
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