I'm prompted to ask these questions by Peter Drucker's Management Challenges of the 21st Century, one of the most insightful and thought-provoking books I've ever read, and one I return to regularly, nearly a decade after its publication. The first chapter in this pithy volume, "Management's New Paradigms," explodes six deeply flawed assumptions that Drucker saw underlying the discipline and practice of contemporary management. Assumption #3 is "There is, or there must be, one right way to manage people," and Drucker uses this as the starting point for an exploration of the characteristics of knowledge workers and why they must be led and not merely managed. An excerpt from pages 17-22 of the Harper Business paperback edition:
In no other area are the basic traditional assumptions [about management] held as firmly...as in respect to people and their management. And in no other area are they so totally at odds with reality and so totally counterproductive...
On [the] fundamental assumption that there is--or at least should be--one and only one right way to manage people rest all the other assumptions about people in organizations and their management.
One of these assumptions is that the people who work for an organization...are subordinates...
[F]ewer and fewer people are "subordinates"--even in fairly low-level jobs. Increasingly they are "knowledge workers." And knowledge workers are not subordinates; they are "associates." For, once beyond the apprentice stage, knowledge workers must know more about their job than their boss does--or else they are no good at all. In fact,... [continues]
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