Management Style Between American and Japanese

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|PRE-SESSIONAL COURSE 2011 | | |EXTENDED ESSAY | | |COVER PAGE | |

| | | | |It is often said that different management styles are required in different parts of the world. Identify and discuss | |the key factors that can influence management styles, with reference to at least two contrasting culture. | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |

| | | |Submitted by: |SHEN WENJUN | | | | |Class: |5K | | | | |Pre-sessional ID: |D/073 | | | | |Main Class Tutor: |PETER MORRISSEY | Modern society is supposed to be a global village, which means that management style is likely to become more similar around the world. However, the fact is that different parts of the world require different management styles. A case in point is Japan and United States. A management style is an overall method of leadership used by a manager, or in other words, it is a type of staff employed and the way they are organized. Generally speaking, management can be categorized into two different styles: paternalistic form and democratic style. Moreover, Japanese and American leaderships correspond with these two styles. According to researchers, paternalistic form means autocracy, which reflects more opinions and personality of the leader. Conversely, democratic style put an emphasis on the innovation of subordinates, in which circumstances, employees are involved in decision-making. These differences appears to be taken into account in different aspects of local civilization. Thus, three key factors might be inferred as cultural environment, organization forms and industrial focus.

This essay is designed to find out the reason why different parts of world adopt different management style and make a comparison...
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