Persons with disability & Sport|
Globalization of World politics|
History of the minority group: persons with disability
“Disability is any physical or mental condition that limits a person’s movements, senses or activities. The term disability is conventionally used to refer to attributes that are severe enough to interfere with, or prevent, normal day-to-day activities.” There are over 600 million people in the world that have a disability in one form or another, which count for almost 10 per cent of the world’s population. This minority group has, for many decades, been standing as an outsider in society and been subject to systematic discrimination and neglect. However recently, there has been a drive throughout the world to shift the perception of the disabled from a viewpoint of objectivity to that of subjectivity. That is, the disabled are to now be approached in a manner in which they will be granted rights, not solely as an act of charity. For this to continue we need to locate the problems that exist in society and remove them systematically, the biggest problem is, to move away from viewing persons with disability as a problem but as individuals with the same rights. Even though this process is slow, in the last two decades there have been many positive changes in all economic and social systems. In the beginning of the 1980s the United Nations decided to generate a great deal of awareness about the problems of the disabled world-wide. They started by introducing a global strategy called “The World Program of Action Concerning Disabled Persons” with the main goal being to get full participation of persons with disabilities in social life and national development. The overall aims were to enhance disability prevention, rehabilitation and equalization of opportunities. They wanted to move the perception of persons with disability by addressing it from a human rights perspective. The year 1981 was declared the International Year of the Disabled by the United Nations General Assembly with the slogan “Full participation and equality”. During the end of this period, 1993, the General Assembly adopted the “Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities”. This was not a legally binding document but “represented a strong moral and political commitment of Governments to take action”. The rules serve as an instrument for policy-making and as a basis for technical and economic cooperation. Furthermore today there are legally binding international instruments, one of them is article 30 from the UN convention on the “Rights of Persons with Disabilities”; which addresses the need for States to improve access to and encourage persons with disabilities to participate in sport. “States parties shall take appropriate measures to encourage and promote the participation, to the fullest extent possible, of persons with disabilities in mainstream sporting activities at all levels”. Another one says the following: “Participation by people with disabilities in sport and leisure activities now falls under international law.” This is addressed to both the majority sports and the disability-specific sports. Sport as a role to integration in society
Sport has since the creation of societies, been a part of our culture and social life. It has always had a strong impact on the cultural experience of individuals and communities, seen from a macro-socio phenomenon. Because of sport in all its ways, has a capacity to assure many different needs and can be shaped and adjusted to satisfy nations, groups and individuals. Moreover it has the unique ability to go above linguistic, cultural and social barriers and bring communities together. It is a very powerful tool to change peoples’ perception and set values and principles into society. Sport has also for many decades served as an important medium for governments to introduce rules...