Pericope Paper

Topics: Jesus, Gospel, New Testament Pages: 5 (1900 words) Published: April 25, 2013
Jesus washes the disciple's feet
John 13:1-17

Most scholars agree that the Gospel of John was written in the last then to fifteen years of the first century or the early years of the second. I chose this text because I like the way that Jesus really humbles himself and comes down to the same level that we are on. He shows that he is no different than any of us, and relates to what we go through. This Gospel was originally written in Greek. Scholars also argue as to who even wrote John. In John 21:24 before it is specified that “and has written them,” it says “the disciple who testifies to these things,” which implies that John spoke of his testimonies before they were written down. John’s letter was meant for the Johannine community of his time, who spoke the same language as he did.

“It was just before the Passover Feast, Jesus knew that the time had come for him to leave this world and go to the Father. Having loved his own who were in the world, he now showed them the full extent of his love.” John 13:1 NIV

The first part of this verse is speaking forward into the next five chapters of this book which cover the Triumphal Entry all the way to the Betrayal. The Triumphal Entry is the time when Jesus is entering Jerusalem. John also writes that Jesus knew he was going to be crucified shortly and he loved his disciples to the end. Later on in John Chapter 17, Jesus spoke to the Father, telling Him that He came as a human and told the men about Him and the disciples kept His Word. In the time of Jesus talking to the Father, His words could be applied to all believers that hold His precepts who understood of his coming and knowing of His death, and He would continue to love them forevermore. John Chapter 13 is called the “Upper Room” discourse because when we look in Luke, it is revealed that the supper took place in the second floor of a house where the Lord and his disciples took the Passover Meal.

“The evening meal was being served, and the devil had already prompted Judas Iscariot, son of Simon, to betray Jesus. Jesus knew that the Father had put all things under his power, and that he had come from God and was returning to God; so he got up from the meal, took off his outer clothing, and wrapped a towel around his waist.” John 13:2-4 NIV

The fact that Jesus “ended” the supper means that the preparation for it was complete. It is shown in verse 26, after Jesus finishes washing His disciples’ feet, he goes back to the meal. In Luke it is said that the devil took hold of Judas, possessing him to betray Jesus. Judas had never once believed in Jesus, he was always susceptible to the devil’s temptation because he did not truly believe. Jesus knew the whole time of the heart inside Judas. He proclaimed in John 6:64 that the one who did not truly believe, would end up betraying Him. All of the actions that John declares in verse 13 reveals that Jesus had come to this earth to suffer and die for our sins. It was God’s will for His son to come and die for us and be the “lamb that taketh away the sin of the world” as John the Baptist declared at the baptism of Christ. Christ took the place of a servant and washed His disciples’ feet, instead of acting like the master and washing His hands.

“After that, he poured water into a basin and began to wash his disciples’ feet, drying them with the towel that was wrapped around him. He came to Simon Peter, who said to him, “Lord, are you going to wash my feet?” John 13:5-6 NIV

In the Jewish customs, it was normal for the servants to wash the feet of the strangers and travelers who were entertained in their home. During the supper, Christ and His disciples were not seated at a table, but on the floor on couches, which made the washing of the feet very important for hygiene. The servants at the lowest rank of the house were set to wash the feet of the guests being welcomed into the home. Since there were no other people in the house with Jesus and His...
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