I. Introduction: Why John 21 is a Post-Script.
A. Begins with John 1:1 declaring Jesus deity and builds to the apex John 20:28, “My Lord and my God. John is finished when he proves his argument. B. Then he writes the purpose of the book in John 20:31 and John thinks He is finished. John 21 is added later by John.
C. Reasons why conservative scholars believe parts of John 21 was written by someone else.
1. Another elder named John. John 21:24–25. “This is the disciple who testifies to these things and who wrote them down. We know that his testimony is true. Jesus did many other things as well. If every one of them were written down, I suppose that even the whole world would not have room for the books that would be written.” 2. Note the “We.” John is referring to himself or did someone else, write this? Plural pronoun.
3. Note the “I.” John never used “I” in reference to himself. First person pronoun.
D. John the apostle wrote chapter 21, much detail.
A. The revelation of the Savior (21:1–2). “Afterward Jesus appeared again to His disciples, by the Sea of Tiberias. It happened this way: Simon Peter, Thomas (called Didymus), Nathanael from Cana in Galilee, the sons of Zebedee, and two other disciples were together.”
1. What is the spiritual condition of these seven disciples? a) Upper room Mark 16:14, “Later Jesus appeared to the eleven as they were eating; He rebuked them for their lack of faith and their stubborn refusal to believe those who had seen Him after He had risen.” Hardness of heart.
b) Two weeks later, Matthew 28:16, “Then the eleven disciples went to Galilee, to the mountain where Jesus had told them to go. When they saw him, they worshiped Him; but some doubted. Some still had doubts.
c) After today they will believe.
2. Sea of Tiberias, the city of Tiberias was on the southwest side of the lake. 3. John begins with the familiar meta tauta – after these things. It does not imply immediately following chapter 20, but at some later unspecified time. They were in Jerusalem, but now on the Sea of Galilee probably in obedience to Jesus’ instructions. Matt. 28:7, 10. 4. Ephanerosen – fully revealed – occurs twice in the first verse re-emphasizing the reality of the Resurrection. It is the first aorist active indicative of phaneroo, “to show.” Now they not only saw, but also understood.
5. This is the only other time Nathanael is mentioned in John since chapter one.
6. The seven disciples
h) The two others of the same kind would be. Andrew and Philip. B. The blindness of the disciples (21:3–5). ‘“I’m going out to fish,’ Simon Peter told them, and they said, ‘We’ll go with you.’ So they went out and got into the boat, but that night they caught nothing. Early in the morning, Jesus stood on the shore, but the disciples did not realize that it was Jesus. He called out to them, ‘Friends, Haven’t you any fish?’ ‘No,’ they answered.” 1. Peter announced hupago halieuein – I go fishing – since he was the leader the others followed.
a) Hupago halieuein. Peter may have gone fishing; some
think he was backslidden and give three reasons. 1) He was returning to his old occupation. Jesus
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