Peer Pressure Affects Academic Performance of Second Year Students

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Title:
Peer Pressure Affects Academic Performance of Second Year Students

Dependent Variable:
Academic performance of second year students

Independent Variable:
Peer Pressure

Objective:
To know how academic performance among second year high school students is being affected by peer pressure.

Introduction:
To be successful in life, one must begin by being successful in school. In high school, we were all told to work hard so that we could get good grades and scores that would get us into a good college, eventually getting us a good career. And that was success. School and school-related activities, over a period of time, are essential in an adolescent’s life. These comprise one-third or half of a typical adolescent’s day. Hence, any interaction done in school – with administrators, faculty, students, and classmates – can have an indirect effect in academic performance. The most common known factor that affects a high schooler’s academic performance is that of peer pressure. This research focuses on the second year students as its subject. I, being a second year student, can relate well to them. It is a wonder why we have difficulty in memorizing our lines for a dialogue or play, experiencing so-called mental block during exams, stuttering during oral recitations, cramming for project and homework submissions. But, we never fail to attend parties, hang out at a classmate’s house, mall strolling and playing computer games at an internet café. Failure to be part of any of these activities will make you an outcast. And being an outcast is a no-no for us second year students. It is important amongst us to be a part of a group and to feel that so-called ‘belongingness’. On the other hand, not joining will make a subject for bullying. Hence, the time that is supposed to be used for studying and doing research work for projects and homework, is spent to be with our peers. And not concentrating on our studies affect our academic performance in school – low scores in quizzes and examinations, no homework, late submission of projects, average ratings in recitations. Above scenario is the negative effect of peer pressure to academic performance. Peer pressure can also have a positive effect that can lead to a better academic performance. Being in a group with motivated people who understand the importance of learning and have a drive to succeed can motivate others in that peer group to do just as well. Of course, in order to fit into a group, we usually conform to the ways of the group. So if it is the norm that members of the group are motivated and take academic success seriously, to be accepted by the group means to perform the way they expect their in-group members to perform.  Also, when we are identified with a successful group, this motivates a member of the group to also always be successful. By being part of the group and being recognized as so, we may gain greater self-confidence and greater feelings of self-efficacy for academic tasks We can solve poor academic performance by choosing the peer group we wish to join. Becoming accepted by a certain peer group is not just good for our social reputations, it is also very good for our academic reputation. Choosing good friends is like choosing success over failure. We should choose wisely because friends in our peer group can have much more of an influence on us than we think.

Related Literature:

Peer influences and interactions are likely candidates for factors that are important in adolescents’ academic achievement. Previous research has found evidence for the importance of peer relations in a variety of areas of adolescent functioning. Allen, Porter, McFarland, Marsh, and McElhaney (2005) report that adolescents who were well-liked by many peers displayed higher levels of ego development and secure attachment.

Reis and McCoach (2000) report that peer issues may also contribute to the achievement and underachievement of adolescents. Peer...
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