Pain is basically whatever the person is suffering it feels it to be. Pain is not always physical it can be social emotional or spiritual. Therefore we should have a holistic approach, this means looking at the person as a whole and considering all their needs. There are four types of approaches to pain which are known to be effective these are drugs, physical methods, self-help methods and alternative therapies. Before using any equipment to alleviate pain we must check the risk assessment made by the employer. You must also carry a risk assessment out on the person. The first type of approach is drugs used for pain relief these can be analgesics, opiates, anti-inflammatory and anaesthetic blocks. Most prescribed drugs are analgesics. Physical methods can be massaging this can superficial or pressure, vibration, ice application, superficial heat or ice, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation TENS, transcutaneous spinal electroanalgesia TSE and repositioning. Self-help methods of pain relief include moving and walking about, imagining yourself in a pleasant place and comfort, taking a warm bath, taking recommended exercise, finding a task to distract you from the pain and having a conversation. Other therapies that can help can be aromatherapy, homeopathic medicine, reflexology, acupuncture yoga and meditation.
The best ways to help someone manage pain and discomfort should be entered into their care plan. These should be checked daily, before starting work. Make sure you enter all new information to help other colleagues.