Overview of the Skeleton

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  • Topic: Bone, Long bone, Cartilage
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M09_MARI6128_10_SE_CH09.QXD

1/19/11

12:17 PM

Page 119

REVIEW

SHEET

NAME_________________________________

10/6/2012

EXERCISE

LAB TIME/DATE ________________________

9

Overview of the Skeleton:
Classification and Structure
of Bones and Cartilages
Bone Markings
1. Match the terms in column B with the appropriate description in column A. Column B

Column A

spine
__________________

1. sharp, slender process*

a.

condyle

__________________

tubercle

2. small rounded projection*

b.

crest

__________________

crest

3. narrow ridge of bone*

c.

epicondyle

__________________

tuberosity

4. large rounded projection*

d.

facet

__________________

head

5. structure supported on neck†

e.

fissure

__________________

ramus

6. armlike projection†

f.

foramen

__________________

condyle

7. rounded, articular projection†

g.

fossa

__________________

fissure

8. narrow opening‡

h.

head

meatus

9. canal-like structure

i.

meatus

__________________
__________________

foramen

10. round or oval opening through a bone‡

j.

process

__________________

fossa

11. shallow depression

k.

ramus

__________________

sinus

12. air-filled cavity

l.

sinus

__________________

trochanter

13. large, irregularly shaped projection*

m. spine

__________________

epicondyle

14. raised area on or above a condyle*

n.

trochanter

__________________

process

15. projection or prominence

o.

tubercle

facet

16. smooth, nearly flat articular surface†

p.

tuberosity

__________________

*a site of muscle and ligament attachment

takes part in joint formation

a passageway for nerves or blood vessels

Classification of Bones
2. The four major anatomical classifications of bones are long, short, flat, and irregular. Which category has the least amount

long bones

of spongy bone relative to its total volume? _____________
119

# 102382

C

P

B

j

iC

i

/CA/SF

A

M i b/Mi h ll/S IIi

PN

119

C/M/Y/K

DESIGN SERVICES OF

M09_MARI6128_10_SE_CH09.QXD

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1/19/11

12:17 PM

Page 120

Review Sheet 9

3. Place the name of each labeled bone in Figure 9.1, page 112, into the appropriate column of the chart here.

Long

Short

Flat

Irregular

metatarsals, fibula,
tibia, femur,
phalanges, ulna,
radius, humerus,
clavicle

talus, tarsals,
metacarpals,
carpals

rib, sternum,
scapula,
clavicle, facial
bones, cranium

pubis, ischium, patella,
vertebra

Gross Anatomy of the Typical Long Bone
4. Use the terms below to identify the structures marked by leader lines and braces in the diagrams (some terms are used more than once).
Key: a.
b.
c.
d.

e.
f.
g.
h.

articular cartilage
compact bone
diaphysis
endosteum

epiphyseal line
epiphysis
medullary cavity
nutrient artery

i.
j.
k.
l.

periosteum
red marrow cavity
trabeculae of spongy bone
yellow marrow

endosteum

epiphysis

epiphyseal line

yellow marrow
compact bone

periosteum

spongy bone
compact bone

diaphysis

(b)

articular cartilage

nutrient artery
Medullary Cavity
truberculae of spongy bone

Epiphyseal Lne
Trubeculae of spongy bone

epiphysis
articular cartilage
(a)

# 102382

C

P

B

j

iC

i

/CA/SF
tracking img