Organization Behavior

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2011
ORGANISATIONS AND BEHAVIOUR

TABLE OF CONTENT

Introduction……………………………………………………………………………..2

Task 1: Explore the organisational structure & culture…………………………………3 1.1 Compare & contrast different organisational structure & culture…………………..3 1.2 Explain relationship between organisational structure & culture & effects………..5 1.3 Discuss the factors which influence individual behaviour at work…………………5

Task 2: Examine different approaches to management & leadership & theories……….6 2.1 Compare effectiveness of different leadership styles in different organisations…….6 2.2 How organisational theory underpins principles & practices organising……………6 2.3 Evaluate different approaches to management & theories by two organisations……7

Task 3: Examine relationship between motivational theories……………………………7 3.1 Impact of different leadership styles have on motivation in periods of change……...7 3.2 Compare application of different motivational theories within the workplace………8 3.3 Evaluate the usefulness of a motivation theory for managers……………………….10

Task 4: Understanding of working with others, teamwork, group & group dynamics….10 4.1 Explain the nature of groups & group behaviour within organisations……………...10 4.2 Factors that lead to effective teamwork & influence that threaten success………….11 4.3 Impact of technology on team functioning within an organisation………………….12

Conclusion……………………………………………………………………………….13 References & bibliography……………………………………………………………....14

Introduction

Organisational behaviour is the study and application of knowledge about how people, individuals, and groups act in organisation. It does this by taking a system approach. That is, it interprets people-organisation relationships in terms of the whole person, whole group, whole organisation, and whole social system. Its purpose is to build better relationships by achieving human objective, organisational objectives, and social objectives.

As you can see from the definition above, organisational behaviour encompasses a wide range of topics, such as human behaviour, change, leadership, teams, etc. The study of organisational behaviour involves consideration of the interaction among the formal structure, the tasks to be undertaken, the technology employed and the methods of carrying out work, the behaviour of people, the process of management, and the external environment.

Task 1
1.1
An organisational structure consists of activities such as task allocation, coordination and supervision, which are directed towards the achievement of organisational aims. It can also be considered as the viewing glass or perspective through which individuals see their organisation and its environment. Every organisation made up of more than one person will need some form of organisational structure. An organisational chart shows the way in which the chain of command works within the organisation.

An organisation can be structured in many different ways, depending on their objectives. The structure of an organisation will determine the modes in which it operates and performs. Organisational structure affects organisational action in two big ways. First, it provides the foundation on which standard operating procedures and routines rest. Second, it determines which individuals get to participate in which decision-making processes, and thus to what extent their views shape the organisation’s actions. There are four main dimensions: * Specialization – the division of labour within the organisation, the distribution of official duties among a number of positions. * Standardization – procedures that occur regularly, are legitimized by the organisation, have rules that cover circumstances, and apply invariably. * Formalization – the extent to which rules, procedures, instruction, and communications are written. * Centralization – where the authority to make legitimate decisions...
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