Organisational Behavior - Book Summary

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Organizational behavior

Introduction to management and organizational behavior

OB – challenges to managers

Organizations
What are Organizations
social entities
goal-directed
inextricably linked to their environment
have nominal boundaries
employ deliberately
designed
coordinated activities
approaches
=> achieving their objectives

Why Exists
Exsist to allow activitys to be undertaken that would be impossible without the structure of an orginisation Organisation are used to direct and control the activites of employees And combine them in a way in order to make a profit Three types of goverance

Hierarchical governance
Intermediate goverance – Contractual – netwroks and alliances Market governance
More effective then alternatives
Offer efficiences compared to alternatives
Effects
Increase specialisation and division of labour
Use large-scale technologies (economies of scale and scope) Economise on transaction costs
Exert control, power and influence (internally and externally) Management – What
Managment is a process that invloves planning, orginising, leading and controlling resources to achive goals People managemenet the procees of trying to achive goals in organizations with and through people

Organizational Behavior
What
Study of behaviour of individuals and groups on organiazatioal context Two distinct features
Interdisciplinary
The combination of many differenent subject that all growth with each other Psychology, sociology, political science, economics, etc
Explanatoroy
Set out to explain the behaviour of individuals and groups in orginzations Take the shape of models and theories that try to understand the realeationship between variables

Why
Helps to better understand the nautre and behaviour of groups and individuals Provides us with the concepts and toll to understand, predict and within influence and even control individual and group behaviour in organiazatioal contexts

Framework for Organizational Behavior/ Management

Intro
Law of unintended consequences – Deliberate actions or changes in any part od an organization can often have implications elsewhere or even throughout the whoe system that where not ancitipated Individual differences – every organiazation and every individual in that is unique Empirical research - verifiable observations that as basis for generating knowledge

Research perspectives
Techincal perspectives
Means orianted approach to managment in which it is regarded as a tattionally desigend tool tintended to achive objectives through the co-ordination of social action Political perspectives

Managemenet as a social process inteneded to resolve conflict and differance between intereast groups in orde to allow achivement of particular objectives Critical perspectives
Approach reagrds managment as mechanisms of control and domination. Managers are representives of the owners and as such intend to achive results beneficial to that group. Managemenet instrument of the owners in presuit of their intreaests Requires

Reflexive – underlying vlaues, practices, knowledge expectaions not taken for granted Embedded – Organisations need to be considered as part of the total enviroment Mulit-dimensional – People multi-dimensional so is there behaviour need a Multi-dimensional context Dialectical and contradictroy – Many...
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