Oral Care

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ORAL CARE

OBJECTIVES:
I. Define the following
1.1 Oral care and oral Hygiene
1.2 Dentures
1.3 Mouth
1.4 Palates
1.5 Lips
1.6 Teeth
1.7 Tongue
1.8 Plaque
1.9 Gum
1.10 Enamel
II. State the principles involved in oral care
III. Give the importance of oral care
IV. Identify the kinds of oral care
V. Explain the guidelines in performing oral care
VI. Describe the different common equipments used in Oral care VII. Demonstrate beginning skills in performing Oral Care
7.1 brushing
7.2 flossing
7.3 cleaning dentures

I. DEFINITIONS:
* ORAL CARE - the practice of keeping the mouth and teeth clean to prevent dental problems, most commonly, dental cavities, gingivitis, and bad breath.

* MOUTH - the first portion of the alimentary canal that receives food.

* PALATE - the roof of the mouth in humans and other mammals. It separates the oral cavity from the nasal cavity.

* LIPS - visible body part at the mouth of humans and many animals and serve as the opening for food intake and in the articulation of sound and speech.

* TEETH -  small, calcified, whitish structure found in the jaws (or mouths) of manyvertebrates and used to break down food.

* TONGUE - a muscular hydrostat on the floors of themouths of most vertebrateswhich manipulates food formastication.

* PLAQUE - a biofilm (formed by colonizing bacteria trying to attach themselves to the tooth's smooth surface.), usually a pale yellow, that develops naturally on the teeth.

* GUM - The firm connective tissue covered by mucous membrane that envelops the alveolar arches of the jaw and surrounds the bases of the teeth. Also called gingiva.

* ENAMEL - one of the four major tissues that make up the tooth in vertebrates. It is also the normally visible dental tissue of a tooth

II. PRINCIPLES INVOLVED IN ORAL CARE

ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
Know the different parts and functions of the hand in relation to the procedure.
MICROBIOLOGY
Oral care reduces the promotion of microorganism growth due to the food particles left in the mouth. PSYCHOLOGY
Knowledge about the technique of keeping the mouth healthy helps in practicing it and maintains health. SOCIOLOGY
Good interaction between patients and health care provider. SAFETY & SECURITY
Patient comfort and safety may be enhanced by practice of good technique, which provides economy of time, materials and energy.

III. IMPORTANCE OF ORAL CARE
 Prevention is always better than treatment. Good oral hygiene habits will 1. keep away most of the dental problems saving you from toothaches and costly dental treatments.   The interesting part is that it can be achieved by dedicating only some minutes every day to dental hygiene care. A large number of various oral hygiene products, beyond the usual toothpaste and toothbrush, are available in the market to help you in this effort.   Unfortunately, most of us remember the importance of oral hygiene instructions only when a problem occurs. Research has shown that while patient activation can show an immediate improvement in oral hygene habits, only a small percentage keeps the same standards six months later. Maintaining good dental hygeine should be a lifelong everyday habit.   Awareness regarding the importance of oral hygiene has significantly increased in the developed countries, but contrary to that, the modern dietary lifestyle habits are posing a greater risk for oral health. 2. Enable you to look and feel good, they make it possible to eat and speak properly. Good oral health is important to your overall well-being.   Daily preventive oral care, with proper brushing and flossing. 3. Will help stop dental problems before they develop and are much less painful, expensive, and worrisome than treating conditions that have been allowed to progress.

IV. KINDS OF ORAL CARE

* Teeth Whitening - Also called “teeth bleaching” can brighten and whiten your...
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