Nvq Level 3 Health and Social Care

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UNIT 4222-371
UNDERSTAND THE FACTORS THAT CAN AFFEST INTERACTIONS AND
COMMUNICATIONS OF INDIVIDUALS WITH DEMENTIA.

OUTCOME 1.
Dementia is a progressive illness that usually occurs over a period of time one of the earliest signs of dementia is problems with a persons memory, this can result in the individual behaving and communicating differently . Because there are so many different types of dementia the signs and symptoms of these can vary widely, because of this the communicating abilities of the individual will vary greatly each form of dementia will have certain symptoms that may be relevant to that disease but some symptoms may be present in more than one form of dementia.#

ALZEIMERS DIEASE
This is the most common cause of dementia around 60 to 80% of all cases have this type of dementia. This type of dementia can lead to a person having difficulty remembering peoples names, places and recent events, they have difficulty learning new information this can lead to difficulty in communication as they may not recognise the person and not engage in conversation with them.

VASCULAR DEMENTIA
This is the second most common type of dementia and occurs after a significant vascular event like a stroke for instance, symptoms of this are very similar to alzheimers although memory might not be so greatly affected, the ability to perform tasks already learnt by the person may be lost they may have problems with planning ahead because of this the person can show signs of apathy and depression .

DEMENTIA WITH LEWY BODIES
the level of decline in somebody with DLB is very similar to alzheimers they may have problems with memory judgement and behavioural issues, they may suffer with visual hallucination and their alertness and cognitive functions may fluctuate daily, muscle rigidity and tremors are common.

CREUTZFELDT JAKOB DIEASE
Rapidly fatal disorder that impairs memory and coordination and causes behavioural changes.

FRONTOTEMPERAL DEMENTIA
Involves damage to the brain cells especially those to the front and side of the brain typical symptoms include changes to the personality and behaviour they may have difficulty with language also.

There are many many forms of dementia some extremely rare but because all forms of dementia may lead to difficulty with communication the care worker must try different communication technique to overcome any obstacles when trying to communicate, the individuals may become aggressive or frustrated although these are not direct symptoms these signs could be that the person is finding it difficult to communicate and trying another way may be beneficial to all concerned.

2.
as a persons dementia developed their physical and mental health should be taken into consideration when trying to communicate with them, at times the person may become very frustrated and agitated by there loss of abilities this can also lead to care giver being put under stress as they may struggle to understand the needs of the individual there are many things that a care giver can do to avoid the individual from becoming agitated when communicating these can include BODY LANGUAGE – as certain types of dementia progress their physical abilities may diminish look closely at the persons body language what do you feel the person is trying to get across as the disease progresses they may loose the understanding of words can they point or gesture to things try and understand what they are getting across to you, you should also be aware of your own body language if you are getting frustrated it may come across in the way you are standing or moving give your selves time this in turn can result in the individual becoming even more flustered and agitated do not rush conversations if you feel that the are becoming stressed excuse yourself from the conversation and come back when you feel more able to continue.

KEEP COMMUNICATION SIMPLE – speak to the person using their name use simple short...
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