NUTRITION, HEALTH AND WELLNESS
ILAB: WEEK SEVEN
TOPIC: FIRST YEAR OF INFANTS LIFE
DATE: JUNE 19TH, 2012
THE FIRST YEAR OF INFANTS LIFE
The first year of life is one of the most critical stages in childhood development. From the moment they open their eyes, newborns undergo dramatic physical and mental changes. During the first 12 months infants should be examined regularly to determine proper development and identify any health problems. Early detection and treatment of potential problems are vital to a child’s development. BIRTH TO SIX MONTHS
Physical Development: At birth, infants cannot control their body movements. Most of their movements are reflexes. Their nervous system is not developed. During the first six months, infants can see clear objects that are about 10 inches away from their faces. By four months, most babies have some control of their muscles and nervous system. They can sit with support, hold their head up for short periods of time, and can roll on their stomach. By five months most babies can roll over. Social and Emotional Development: They begin to develop trust as their parents meet their needs such as changing their diapers when needed, feeding them when they are hungry, and holding them when they cry. When frightened infants cry and look surprised when they are afraid. They cry to express anger, pain and hunger. It is their way of communicating. They are easily excited or upset. They need to be cradled and comforted. It seems as if they cannot tell where their bodies end and someone else’s begins. Infants smile in response to a pleasant sound or a full stomach. At about six weeks, they smile in response to someone else. By four months, they smile broadly, laugh when pleased and learn to recognize faces and voices. Intellectual Development: Infants babble, coo and gurgle. They study their hands and feet. They turn to locate the source of sounds. Infants can focus on and follow moving objects with their eyes. They...
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