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Name: __________________________ Date: _____________

1.
Young children typically try to stay very close to their parents when they are in an unfamiliar setting. This best illustrates the adaptive value of: A)
habituation.
B)
conservation.
C)
the rooting reflex.
D)
attachment.
E)
egocentrism.

2.
The branch of psychology that systematically focuses on the physical, mental, and social changes that occur throughout the life cycle is called: A)
clinical psychology.
B)
social psychology.
C)
personality psychology.
D)
developmental psychology.
E)
biological psychology.

3.
One of the most consistently damaging teratogens is:
A)
epinephrine.
B)
testosterone.
C)
serotonin.
D)
dopamine.
E)
alcohol.

4.
Menopause is associated with a reduction in:
A)
adrenaline.
B)
testosterone.
C)
estrogen.
D)
acetylcholine.
E)
dopamine.

5.
Crystallized intelligence refers most directly to a person's: A)
accumulated knowledge and verbal skills.
B)
ability to reason speedily and abstractly.
C)
ability to assume the perspective of others.
D)
willingness to revise beliefs in light of new information.
E)
ability to master new information and to learn new skills.

6.
The powerful survival impulse that leads infants to seek closeness to their caregivers is called: A)
attachment.
B)
imprinting.
C)
habituation.
D)
assimilation.
E)
the rooting reflex.

7.
Formal operational thought is most similar to:
A)
fluid intelligence.
B)
generativity.
C)
conventional morality.
D)
autonomy.
E)
crystallized intelligence.

8.
Incorporating new information into existing theories is to ________ as modifying existing theories in light of new information is to ________. A)
conservation; habituation
B)
imprinting; maturation
C)
object permanence; insecure attachment
D)
sensorimotor stage; preoperational stage
E)
assimilation; accommodation

9.
Biological growth processes that are relatively uninfluenced by experience and that enable orderly changes in behavior are referred to as: A)
continuity.
B)
imprinting.
C)
generativity.
D)
maturation.
E)
attachment.

10.
Mrs. Pearson cut Judy's hot dog into eight pieces and Sylvia's into six pieces. Sylvia cried because she felt she wasn't getting as much hot dog as Judy. Piaget would say that Sylvia doesn't understand the principle of: A)

object permanence.
B)
conservation.
C)
assimilation.
D)
egocentrism.
E)
accommodation.

11.
Identical twins with similar values and preferences are not very strongly attracted to one another's fiancés. This fact has been used to suggest that romantic attraction is influenced by: A)
fluid intelligence.
B)
the social clock.
C)
secondary sex characteristics.
D)
chance encounters.
E)
basic trust.

12.
Primary sex characteristics are to ________ as secondary sex characteristics are to ________. A)
male testes; adrenal glands
B)
female ovaries; deepened male voice
C)
female breasts; deepened male voice
D)
male testes; female ovaries
E)
adrenal glands; underarm hair

13.
When golden hamsters were repeatedly threatened and attacked while young, they suffered long-term changes in: A)
object permanence.
B)
brain chemistry.
C)
the rooting reflex.
D)
maturation.
E)
habituation.

14.
The rooting reflex refers to a baby's tendency to:
A)
withdraw a limb to escape pain.
B)
turn the head away from a cloth placed over the face.
C)
open the mouth in search of a nipple when touched on the cheek. D)
be startled by a loud noise.
E)
look longer at human faces than at inanimate objects.

15.
Interpreting new experiences in terms of existing schemas is called: A)
egocentrism.
B)
assimilation.
C)
imprinting.
D)
attachment.
E)
accommodation.

16.
One-year-old Eunice is not overly fearful of strangers but she clearly prefers being held by her mother than by anyone else. Her behavior best illustrates: A)
habituation.
B)
the rooting reflex....
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