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The 5 Themes of WHAP --- Postclassical Western Europe

Theme 1: Interaction between Humans and the Environment
* Demography & disease
* Bubonic Plague Collapse of Feudalism?
* Little Ice Age
* Migration
* Focus on Northern Europe because of barbarians
* Feudal system/manorialism vs. Urbanization
* Issues: Barbarians & Bubonic Plague & Little Ice Age * Viking raids tapered off safe & reliable travel trade increased towns increased increased agricultural production (technology + warmer temperatures) population increase greater available labor urban growth * Patterns of Settlement

* Barbarian Invasions Manorialism vs. Feudalism
* Urbanization
* Technology
* Horse collar, 3 field system, water driven mills, longship, moldboard, stirrups

Theme 2: Development and Interaction of Cultures
* Religions
* Islam & Christianity
* Belief systems, philosophies, and ideologies
* Role of the church as a government
* Church as “hope”
* Robin Hood & King Arthur --- Why?
* Catholic vs. “catholic”
* Scholasticism (St. Thomas Aquinas)
* Iconoclasm
* Monasticism
* Lay Investiture
* Pope Gregory VII vs. Holy Roman Emperor
* Superstitions --- Witchcraft
* Franciscans, Dominicans, Jesuits
* Science & technology
* Universities
* Growth of towns
* Church as preserver of knowledge
* Horse collar, 3 field system, water driven mills, longship, moldboard, stirrups * The Arts & Architecture
* Romanesque vs. Gothic
* Role of Church

Theme 3: State Building, Expansion and Conflict
* Political structures & forms of governance
* Before 11th century vs. after 11th century
* Manorialism vs. feudalism
* Magna Carta
* Church and state --- Clovis, Charlemagne
* Nations & nationalism...
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