PROGRAM : DIPLOMA IN COMPUTER STUDIES
COURSE : COMPUTER NETWORKING
QUESTION : Discuss the difference between the Internet and the internet (small letter i), including the history of the Internet.
In the information age that we live in today, the speed at which information can travel inside a company would often indicate the productivity of that company. It is often necessary to create an environment where the flow of data is unimpeded and the intended recipient gets it instantaneously. Computers make this possible and there are multiple ways to implement such a network. The following article will discuss the Internet (capital letter I) and internet (small letter i) The Internet is a very important networking tool that enables the sharing of information along a wide area of load. It is the world’s largest Wide Area Network (WAN) and it has been in use since the late 1960s, and has proved to be of atmost importance, adds value to today’s business world as well as on an individual level worldwide. The Internet has served as the universal language of the virtual world since the beginning of the digital era. The creation of the Internet started during the time-sharing of several well-known computers in the middle of the 19th century. As the Internet technology progressed and its presence widened, it eventually became popular due to a number of almost endless capabilities it can offer, including electronic mail systems, information distribution, file sharing, multimedia steaming service and online social networking. The Internet has significantly served many people around the world. We are going to look at how the Internet came about, that is, who’s idea was it, the people who invented it, its development, its introduction to the general public, the very first electronic mail, the first Internet Protocol and other various events that took place there after (the Internet history). The importance and the uses of the Internet are also going to be discussed in this article.
THE INTERNET (capital I)
The Internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks that use the standard Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP) to serve billions of users worldwide. It is a network that consists of millions of private, public, academic, business, and government networks, of local to global scope, that are linked by a broad array of electronic, wireless and optical networking technologies. The Internet carries an extensive range of information resources and services such as the inter-linked hypertext documents of the World Wide Web (WWW) and the infrastructure to support email. Most traditional communications media including telephone, television, film and music are being reshaped or redefined by the Internet, giving birth to new services such as Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) and Internet Protocol Television (IPTV). Newspaper, book and other print publishing are adapting to Web site technology or are reshaped into blogging and web feeds. The Internet has enabled and accelerated new forms of human interactions through instant messaging, Internet forums and social networking. Online shopping has boomed both for major retail outlets and small artisans and traders. Business-to-business and financial services on the Internet affect supply chains across entire industries. The Internet has no centralized governance in either technological implementation or policies for access and usage; each constituent network sets its own policies. Only the overreaching definitions of the two principal name spaces in the Internet, the Internet Protocol address space and the Domain Name System, are directed by a maintainer organization, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Number (ICANN). The technical underpinning and Standardization of the core protocols (IPv4 and IPv6) is an activity of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), a non-profit organization of loosely affiliated international participants that...
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