The Nature and Nurture debate
Nature- approach suggests that people are born with qualities, abilities and characteristics that determine the kind of person they will become.
Nurture- approach argues that it is the way a person is brought up and their circumstances which are more important influences on the kind of person they become.
The nature versus nurture debate is one of the oldest issues in psychology. The debate centers on the relative contributions of genetic inheritance and environmental factors to human development. Some philosophers such as Plato and Descartes suggested that certain things are inborn, or that they simply occur naturally regardless of environmental influences. Other well-known thinkers such as John Locke believed in what is known as tabula rasa, which suggests that the mind begins as a blank slate. According to this notion, everything that we are and all of our knowledge is determined by our experience.
For example, when a person achieves tremendous academic success, did they do so because they are genetically predisposed to be successful or is it a result of an enriched environment? Today, the majority of experts believe that behavior and development are influenced by both nature and nurture. However, the issue still rages on in many areas such as in the debate on the origins of homosexuality and influences on intelligence.
| |Nature |Nurture | |What is it? |In the "nature vs. nurture" debate, nature |In the "nature vs. nurture" debate, nurture | | |refers to an individual's innate qualities |refers to personal experiences (i.e. | | |(nativism). |empiricism or behaviourism). | |Example |Nature is your genes. The physical and |Nurture refers to your childhood, or how you | | |personality traits determined by your genes |were brought up. Someone could be born with | | |stay the same irrespective of where you were |genes to give them a normal height, but be | | |born and raised. |malnourished in childhood, resulting in | | | |stunted growth and a failure to develop as | | | |expected. | |Factors |Nature factors that trigger an individual to |Nurture factors that trigger an individual to| | |commit crime are influences by biological and|commit crime are influences by social and | | |family factors. |environment factors |
Jennifer Lopez Life Stage childhood-
Physical development- Jennifer’s body developed, brain develops more, at this age they understand what their parents are saying to them. She grew taller and her muscles developed. The physical developments of the childhood are nature as every child has to grow taller; all children’s bodies develop at this stage. This is also nature because Jennifer’s parents are tall so she grew a bit taller than other kids as it is in her genes because both her parents are tall.
Intellectual development- Jennifer at childhood developed a lot of skills at the age of 5 she was talking, singing, dancing etc. and took dancing and singing lessons at the age of 7, this made her brain develop more skills to do with singing. The...
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