Nature – genetic and biological influences.
Nurture – social economic and environmental influences.
The nature nurture debate is where philosophers and theorist argue that we are born to be the way we are. Other theorist argues that it is the way we are brought up and influenced by the areas surrounding us (environment). Biological programming
Genetics plays a vital role in the development of the human life as some disorders cannot be prevented as they are genetically predisposed, genetics determine your eye colour the same way it will develop the brains efficiency. Take Down syndrome for example if there is three copies of chromosomes 21 are present. This genetic deficiency is a fact as it occurs throughout all races no matter what their surrounding environment is like. Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic disorder that affects the lungs, pancreas, liver and intestines. Cystic Fibrosis is caused by a mutation in the gene for protein. Cystic Fibrosis is common in a lot of race and gender and is not determined by the surrounding environment as it is caused when the neither of the CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) gene is working as a result of mutation and therefore inheritance. Sickle cell anaemia is a genetic blood disorder, it is more common in people with a sub tropical background, is called a disease as it is inherited abnormality causes pathological condition which can lead to death. When a person inherits only one gene for the condition (from either their mother or father) they are said to have ‘sickle-cell trait’. This trait may result in problems if the person becomes short of oxygen. I believe that the baby with Down syndrome is nature as the baby was born with these defects and had no say in what its social, intellectual and emotional needs were or how its development could progress as it grew.
Biological factors can also influence how a person can develop as they grow up into adulthood. It can be...