(Nano robots In CANCER
Detection and Treatment)
A DREAM COME TRUE
HEALING THE BODY FROM THE INSIDE OUT CANCER -one of the most deadly diseases which primarily starts at the cellular level. To be more specific they start at the molecular level. At this molecular level, even the finest scalpel is like a huge instrument designed more to rip and tear than to heal and cure. The traditional methods that are available today to detect and treat cancer damages many of the cells which are noncancerous and not harmful. The detection of cancer by the traditional methods that are available today do not discover the disease at the earlier stage. So, the medical field is in need of some well structured and well organized simple tool that can detect and treat cancer efficiently and earlier. For the sake of this we present an idea for NANOROBOTS for detecting and treating cancerous cells at a very earlier stage. To design the nano robots we use the NANOTECHNOLOGY, which is normally called as the molecular engineering. We also present the ways and means for curing the disease efficiently and without giving much pain to the patient. In our paper we discuss about the various features that a nano robot should possess-down from the size up to the detection and treatment.
TABLE OF CONTENTS:
➢ Reasons for applying nanotechnology to biological systems ➢ Improving Cancer Treatment
➢ Nano medicine
➢ Biomedical applications of nano robotics – Nanotechnologies in patient care ➢ Nanotechnology as a link between Detection, Diagnosis and Treatment ➢ Creation of Nano devices
➢ Design of Nano robots
▪ Technique Used
▪ Chemical Elements
▪ Acquiring power
▪ Exploration and detection of cancerous cells
▪ Treating and destroying cancerous cells
▪ Retrieval from body
The image given in the front page is not from a comic book. It is the future of medicine. While examining the roots of nano robotics and nanotechnology, we find it’s possibility was first proposed by Nobel prize winner Richard Feynman in his talk “There is plenty of room at the bottom”.
According to the NNI, nanotechnology is defined as: “Research and technology development at the atomic, molecular and macromolecular levels in the length scale of approximately 1 — 100 nanometer range, to provide a fundamental understanding of phenomena and materials at the nano scale and to create and use structures, devices and systems that have novel properties and functions because of their small and/or intermediate size.”
Nanotechnology is also known as molecular nanotechnology or molecular manufacturing. More simply put, nanotechnology is the space at the nano scale (i.e. one billionth of a meter).
REASONS FOR APPLYING NANOTECHNOLOGY TO BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS:
Most animal cells are 10,000 to 20,000 nanometers in diameter. This means that nano scale devices (having at least one dimension less than 100 nanometers) can enter cells and the organelles inside them to interact with DNA and proteins. They may also be able to enter and monitor cells within a living body. Miniaturization will allow the tools for many different tests to be situated together on the same small device.This means that nanotechnology could make it possible to run many diagnostic tests simultaneously as well as with more sensitivity. In general, nanotechnology may offer a faster and more efficiency. IMPROVING CANCER TREATMENT: