Should Genetic Engineering Be Controlled by Law?

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  • Topic: Stem cell, DNA, Biotechnology
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  • Published : April 21, 2011
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My topic: Should Genetic Engineering Be Controlled by Law?

Table of Contents

1. Abstract of this research paper.

2. What is genetic engineering?

3. What kinds of ethical problems are there?

4. Freedom of scholarship.

5. Innovative remedy for obstinate diseases.

6. Solutions for ethical problems.

7. Conclusion including my prospects.

8. References

Abstract of the research paper
Takeshi Ishida

“Should genetic engineering be controlled by law?”

I chose this topic because I used to study medicine at my former

university. And I’m also thinking of studying biology at HPU, so I felt

I have to write something about this topic. Need I say more? It is a

fundamental problem related to what we are.

The genetic engineering always carries lots of ethical problems.

Especially, when it comes to embryonic stem cells(ESCs) which are provided

from abortion. Ethicists rage about the treatment of aborted embryos. But

in the last several years, researchers succeeded in creating alike

omnipotent cells, to say precisely, pluripotent cells in different ways.

But fundamental problems have not been solved yet. This is because most

of the problems are based on religious culture and basic morality.

In this research paper, I would like to focus on animal and human related

genetic engineering. I believe that to argue so many things in one paper

will not only confuse the reader but also lead to lack of coherence. Of

course, I will mention plants and vegetation, if needed.

We are now facing a step further problem, which is about applying these technologies to human beings and medicine for cure. Already some of the

research institutes have created clone sheep, clone dogs and so on. Can

we apply these technologies to our babies or ourselves? We have been and

are facing a big ethical issue.

[Actually, the communion Raelian announced that they have succeeded in

cloning human beings in 2002, but we do not know about the reliability.]

I would like to write a research paper in like an argumentative essay.

I do not know whether I can conclude in solution to these ethical problems

but I have my opinion to the regulation and to the law enforcement toward

genetic engineering.

In 1952, Alfred Hershey and Martha Chase confirmed DNA’s role as

heredity system.

Next year, biologist James Watson and biophysicists Francis Crick and

Maurice Wilkins found out physical hereditary system in human beings. This

was named deoxyribonucleic acid from its structure. This discovery was the

breakthrough not only in biological discipline but in physics,

biochemistry, medicine and so on. This theory is now known for double helix.

We started to call DNA’s organized structure as chromosomes and to call

hereditary part of DNA as Genes or Genomes. “Social Issues in America,”

describes in the book that“Genes contain instructions for creating

proteins and enzymes that controls the metabolism of cells.” (Social

Issues in America: An Encyclopedia p.755)

In 1970s, the new technologies were put into the genetics. The technology

led us to analyze the operation between genes and cell itself. This was

the beginning of the modern genetic engineering. In this period,

researchers used full technologies they had and succeeded in creating human

insulin in yeast cells. However, nobody thought this was a violation to

the natural law at this time.

But when it became to the application of these technologies to human

beings themselves or animals, the ethicists and the public began to think

these technologies as threat to the natural law or to the God’s privilege.

Some people even recollected the eugenics in Nazi.

And the advent of embryonic stem cells made situation worse....
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