Topics: Nagpur, Maharashtra, Mumbai Pages: 19 (6783 words) Published: February 18, 2013
Region : Vidarbha
District: Nagpur
Founded: 1702 A.D.
Founder: Raja Buland Shah
Government: Body – Nagpur Municipal Corporation (NMC)
Mayor – Anil Sole (BJP)
Municipal Commisioner – Shyam Wardhane
Police Commisioner – Mr Kaushal Pathak
Area : Captital City – 217.65 km2
Metro – 3,780 km2
Population : Metropolitan City – 4,405,421
Rank – 13
Density – 20,000/km2 (52,000/sq mi)
Metro – 2,583,911
Vehicle Registration : Vehicle registration MH31 – Ngp West; MH49 – Nagpur East; MH40 – Nagpur Metro * Nagpur is the winter capital of the state of Maharashtra. * a fast growing metropolis and third largest city in Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune. * With a population of 2,405,421[4] (2011) Nagpur Metropolitan Area is the 13th largest urban conglomeration in India. * It has recently been ranked as the cleanest city and the second greenest city of India. * In addition to being the seat of annual winter session of Maharashtra state assembly "Vidhan Sabha", * Nagpur is a major commercial and political center of the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra and is famous throughout the country for Nagpur Orange. Thus it is known as "Orange City" for being a major trade center of oranges that are cultivated in the region.[8] * In addition, the city derives political importance from being the headquarters for the Hindu nationalist organisation RSS and an important location for the Dalit Buddhist movement. * Nagpur is declared "Tiger Capital of India"[9][10] as it connects many tiger reserves in India to the world. * It is among the important cities for IT sector in Maharashtra after Pune. * Nagpur lies precisely at the center of the country with the Zero Mile marker indicating the geographical center of India The city was founded by the Gonds and later became part of the Maratha Empire under the Bhonsles. The British East India Company took over Nagpur in the 19th century and made it the capital of the Central Provinces and Berar. After the first reorganisation of states, the city lost its capital status but, according to the informal "Nagpur Pact" between political leaders, it was made the second capital of Maharashtra.

Etymology : The Nag River, a tributary of the Kanhan River, flows in a serpentine path and is therefore named "Nag", the Marathi word for snake. Hence, the river and city is named as Nagpur. During British times the city used to be referred to as Nagpore. Others says that the river flows through the old city of Nagpur, and the city is named after this river. "Pur" is a "city." History: From 1853 to 1861, the Nagpur Province (which consisted of the present Nagpur region, Chhindwara, and Chhatisgarh) became part of the Central Provinces and Berar and came under the administration of a commissioner under the British central government, with Nagpur as its capital. Berar was added in 1903. Tata group started the country's first textile mill at Nagpur,[17] formally known as Central India Spinning and Weaving Company Ltd. The company was popularly known as "Empress Mills" as it was inaugurated on 1 January 1877, the day queen Victoria was proclaimed Empress of India. The non-cooperation movement was launched in the Nagpur session of 1920. The city witnessed a Hindu–Muslim riot in 1923 which had profound impact on K. B. Hedgewar,[18] who in 1925 founded the RSS, a Hindu nationalist organisation in Nagpur with an idea of creating a Hindu nation. After the 1927 Nagpur riots RSS gained further popularity in Nagpur and the organisation grew nationwide. At a formal public ceremony on 14 October 1956 in Nagpur B. R. Ambedkar with his supporters converted to Buddhism starting Dalit Buddhist movement which is still active. In 1994, the city witnessed its most violent day in modern times in form of Gowari stampede deaths. Nagpur is a city with great capabilities to grow and prosper in the coming days. It is very important for...
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