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Unit Title: Unit sector reference: Level: Credit value: Guided learning hours: Unit expiry date: Unit accreditation number:

Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care HSC 024 2 3 26 31/05/2015 A/601/8574

Unit purpose and aim
This unit is aimed at those working in a wide range of settings. This unit introduces the important area of safeguarding individuals from abuse. It identifies different types of abuse and the signs and symptoms that might indicate abuse is occurring. It considers when individuals might be particularly vulnerable to abuse and what a learner must do if abuse is suspected or alleged.

Learning Outcomes The learner will: 1 Know how to recognise signs of abuse

Assessment Criteria The learner can: 1.1 Define the following types of abuse:  Physical abuse  Sexual abuse  Emotional/psychological abuse  Financial abuse  Institutional abuse  Self neglect  Neglect by others 1.1 Identify the signs and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse 1.2 Describe factors that may contribute to an individual being more vulnerable to abuse

Exemplification An individual will usually mean the person supported by the learner but may include those for whom there is no formal duty of care Factors may include:  a setting or situation  the individual Types of abuse Physical abuse involving contact intended to cause feelings of intimidation, injury, or other physical suffering or bodily harm Sexual abuse is the forcing of undesired sexual behaviour by one person upon another Emotional/psychological abuse may involve threats or actions to cause mental or physical harm; humiliation;

© OCR 2010

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Learning Outcomes The learner will:

Assessment Criteria The learner can:

Exemplification isolation. Financial abuse is the illegal or unauthorised use of a person’s property, money, pension book or other valuables. Institutional abuse involves failure of an organisation to provide appropriate and professional individual services to vulnerable people. It can be seen or detected in processes, attitudes and behaviour that amount to discrimination through unwitting prejudice, ignorance, thoughtlessness, stereotyping and rigid systems. Self-neglect is a behavioural condition in which an individual neglects to attend to their basic needs, such as personal hygiene, appropriate clothing, feeding, or tending appropriately to any medical conditions they have. Neglect is a passive form of abuse in which the perpetrator is responsible to provide care, for someone, who is unable to care for oneself, but fails to provide adequate care to meet their needs. Neglect may include failing to provide sufficient supervision, nourishment, medical care or other needs. Signs and symptoms may include: Bruises, pressure marks, broken bones, abrasions, and burns may indicate physical abuse or neglect. Bruises around the breasts or genital area, as well as unexplained bleeding around the genital area,

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© OCR 2010

Learning Outcomes The learner will:

Assessment Criteria The learner can:

Exemplification pregnancy, STI’s may be signs of sexual abuse. Unexplained withdrawal from normal activities, changes in behaviour and unusual depression may be indicators of emotional abuse. No money, food, clothes. Large withdrawals of money from the bank account, sudden changes in a will, and the sudden disappearance of valuable items may be indications of financial exploitation. Institutional abuse can include poor care standards; lack of positive responses to complex needs; rigid routines; inadequate staffing and an insufficient knowledge base within the service; lack of choice, individuality. Bedsores, poor hygiene, unsanitary living conditions, and unattended medical needs may be signs of neglect. Failure to take necessary medicines, leaving a burning stove unattended, poor hygiene, confusion, unexplained weight loss, and dehydration may all be signs of self-neglect. Factors: setting - lack of trained...
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