Is nuclear power the best alternative to fossil fuels for the future energy needs of the UK?
There are different types of fuel such as coal, gas, wind energy, solar energy, oil and nuclear energy which is considered to be the most important source for the future. Our fossil fuel resources have been developed to provide us with many necessary things such as food, consumer goods, dwelling, transportation, but at the same time they are vanishing, hour after hour and something should be done. There are many types of energy which are used in our society but having analyzed all the presented materials on the topic, I can say that nuclear energy is one of the ways out for the UK and I would like to prove that. According to BNFL much of the energy we use today in our developing world has come from fossil fuels which enable us to provide lighting and heating in our homes, offices and factories. (2001, p44-45). We got used to the benefits from these sources and forgot about the alarming effects on our personal lives and devastating effect on our commercial and industrial output. Having studied all possible electricity sources, we can underline that they all depend on various circumstances. However, we have some ways out of the situation and one of them is the development of the nuclear power.
Let me start by saying that all renewables such as solar energy, wind mills, tidal energy and some others are limited in our world and that is why it is very difficult to rely on them in the future. For example, there is no wind and all wind mills stop working or there are cloudy days in winter and no solar energy, such examples can be numerous. However, according to the government figures in the guardian article, energy from the renewables has risen on 40% in such countries as Sweden, Finland and Denmark (Jha, 2009). As the United Nations declared, government started to invest more money into the renewables as they are considered to be cleaner than all other sources of energy. What is more, the biggest growth was in China, India and other developing countries (Jha, 2009). Investments into renewables can lead to new working places, less number of homeless people and can help to overcome many difficulties. It is also necessary to stress that wind, solar, tidal and wave come from nature and we do not need to pay for them and emissions free which proves to be rather ecologically friendly but at the same time they are rather unpredictable due to natural disasters.
I would like to mention briefly the fact nowadays Britain has a great number of wind stations which produce energy for many purposes. There are even offshore stations, which deal with constant wind and allow people to economize a lot of money. According to academics at Cambridge University, renewable in general and wind stations in particular can be very useful but only if we create special conditions for their usage and invest more money into their development (Cambridge University, 2012). The British Wind Energy Association says 9GW of offshore wind will be in place by 2015, overtaking installed nuclear power. This month, Centrica and RWE power came close to approving two offshore wind farms costing an estimated £3bn (Jha, 2009). It is necessary to underline that solar power is also becoming widely used in Great Britain. According to Alok Jha in the article of guardian, “Solar technologies include photovoltaic or PV, where sunlight is used to create electricity directly and solar thermal, which can be used in small set-ups to heat water for homes. Concentrating solar power plants focus sunlight from hundreds of mirrors onto a central tower, where water is superheated into steam that can turn turbines and make electricity” (2009). “The UK still only gets 1.8% of its energy from renewables, according to the government figures. EU figures for 2005 show that, in Sweden, the renewable share was upwards of 40% and Finland's was around 30%. Denmark got more...