Motivation System in Organization

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VILNIUS GEDIMINAS TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY

FACULTY OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT

DEPARTMENT OF INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS MANAGEMENT

MOTIVATION SYSTEM IN ORGANIZATION

Subject: Management Theory

Lecture: Gitana Dudzevi?i?t?

Group: Tvimtu-12

Vilnius, 2012

CONTENT

INTRODUCTION5

THE NATURE OF MOTIVATION IN ORGANISATIONS6

Motivation and Performance in Organizations6

HISTORICAL VIEWS OF MOTIVATION6

NEED-BASED APPROACHES TO MOTIVATION6

Need Hierarchies7

The Dual-Structure Approach to Motivation8

Acquired Needs9

PROCESS-BASED APPROACHES TO MOTIVATION9

Expectancy Theory9

Implications for managers10

Equity Theory11

REINFORCEMENT-BASED APPROACHES TO MOTIVATION11

Reinforcement Contingencies11

Providing Reinforcement12

OTHER APPROACHES TO MOTIVATION IN ORGANISATIONS12

Goal Setting Theory12

The Japanese Approach to Motivation12

MOTIVATION SYSTEMS IN ORGANIZATIONS13

PERFORMANCE AND MOTIVATION IN MCDONALDS13

HOW COCA COLA INTERNATIONAL MOTIVATE EMPLOYEES14

How they Retain & Motivate their Employees Successfully14

MOTIVATION THEORIES AT FEDEX14

ERG Theory15

Existence15

Relatedness15

Growth16

Goal-setting Theory16

RECOMENDATIONS18

Organizational Reward Systems18

Effects of organizational rewards18

Interventions for enhancing motivation19

Rewards and employee satisfaction22

Rewards and motivation23

Equity and participation24

Compensation systems: the dilemmas of practice24

Management's influence on attitudes toward money25

Pay for performance25

CONCLUSIONS30

BIBLIOGRAPHY32

INTRODUCTION

Motivation is the psychological feature that arouses an organism to action toward a desired goal and elicits, controls, and sustains certain goal directed behaviors. For instance: An individual has not eaten, he or she feels hungry, and as a response he or she eats and diminishes feelings of hunger. There are many approaches to motivation: physiological, behavioural, cognitive, and social. Motivation may be rooted in a basic need to minimize physical pain and maximize pleasure, or it may include specific needs such as eating and resting, or for a desired object. Conceptually, motivation is related to, but distinct from, emotion. A motivated employee is someone that works hard because they feel fulfilled when they do so. Motivation is an important area of business research and over the years there have been many 'motivational theories'. One of the best-known theories of motivation is based on Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs. Maslow argued that individuals have a hierarchy of needs. True motivation is achieved by fulfilling higher order needs.

In this course work I will try to define Motivation implication. More over to describe Motivation systems in Organizations Coca Cola International, McDonalds and FedEx, and to give some recomendations to these companies, which might help to improve their motivations systems and to improve working quality because of more satified and motivated employees.

THE NATURE OF MOTIVATION IN ORGANISATIONS

Motivation is the set of forces that cause people to choose certain behaviors from among the many alternatives open to them.

Motivation and Performance in Organizations

An employee's performance typically is influenced by motivation, ability, and the work environment. Some deficiencies can be addressed by providing training or altering the environment, motivation problems are not as easily addressed. Motivation is important because of its significance as a determinant of performance and its intangible nature.

HISTORICAL VIEWS OF MOTIVATION

Evolution can be traced from scientific management,...
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