VILNIUS GEDIMINAS TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY
FACULTY OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT
DEPARTMENT OF INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS MANAGEMENT
MOTIVATION SYSTEM IN ORGANIZATION
Subject: Management Theory
Lecture: Gitana Dudzevi?i?t?
THE NATURE OF MOTIVATION IN ORGANISATIONS6
Motivation and Performance in Organizations6
HISTORICAL VIEWS OF MOTIVATION6
NEED-BASED APPROACHES TO MOTIVATION6
The Dual-Structure Approach to Motivation8
PROCESS-BASED APPROACHES TO MOTIVATION9
Implications for managers10
REINFORCEMENT-BASED APPROACHES TO MOTIVATION11
OTHER APPROACHES TO MOTIVATION IN ORGANISATIONS12
Goal Setting Theory12
The Japanese Approach to Motivation12
MOTIVATION SYSTEMS IN ORGANIZATIONS13
PERFORMANCE AND MOTIVATION IN MCDONALDS13
HOW COCA COLA INTERNATIONAL MOTIVATE EMPLOYEES14
How they Retain & Motivate their Employees Successfully14
MOTIVATION THEORIES AT FEDEX14
Organizational Reward Systems18
Effects of organizational rewards18
Interventions for enhancing motivation19
Rewards and employee satisfaction22
Rewards and motivation23
Equity and participation24
Compensation systems: the dilemmas of practice24
Management's influence on attitudes toward money25
Pay for performance25
Motivation is the psychological feature that arouses an organism to action toward a desired goal and elicits, controls, and sustains certain goal directed behaviors. For instance: An individual has not eaten, he or she feels hungry, and as a response he or she eats and diminishes feelings of hunger. There are many approaches to motivation: physiological, behavioural, cognitive, and social. Motivation may be rooted in a basic need to minimize physical pain and maximize pleasure, or it may include specific needs such as eating and resting, or for a desired object. Conceptually, motivation is related to, but distinct from, emotion. A motivated employee is someone that works hard because they feel fulfilled when they do so. Motivation is an important area of business research and over the years there have been many 'motivational theories'. One of the best-known theories of motivation is based on Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs. Maslow argued that individuals have a hierarchy of needs. True motivation is achieved by fulfilling higher order needs.
In this course work I will try to define Motivation implication. More over to describe Motivation systems in Organizations Coca Cola International, McDonalds and FedEx, and to give some recomendations to these companies, which might help to improve their motivations systems and to improve working quality because of more satified and motivated employees.
THE NATURE OF MOTIVATION IN ORGANISATIONS
Motivation is the set of forces that cause people to choose certain behaviors from among the many alternatives open to them.
Motivation and Performance in Organizations
An employee's performance typically is influenced by motivation, ability, and the work environment. Some deficiencies can be addressed by providing training or altering the environment, motivation problems are not as easily addressed. Motivation is important because of its significance as a determinant of performance and its intangible nature.
HISTORICAL VIEWS OF MOTIVATION
Evolution can be traced from scientific management,...