Motivation and Employees

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1. Review this passage and select all that apply (from the options provided below, A-D)

It has been suggested that “financial rewards do not guarantee more productivity, but paying attention to employees’ motivational needs does” and that “managers need to pay less attention to financial incentives and more to the actual motivation needs of their employees” (Sunday Business Post 2012). This is further supported by the results of the 2011 Mercer’s What’s Working survey where “being treated with respect, a work-life balance, the type of work undertaken … were ranked ahead of overall compensation” (Sunday Business Post 2012).

a. Quotations are not necessary
b. Citations are incorrectly formatted
c. Source/s not peer-reviewed
d. Relevance of Mercer's survey not sufficiently established

2. Review this passage and select all that apply

“Article 4: “Motivating Employees”

http://guides.wsj.com/management/managing-your-people/how-to-motivate-employees Much like the other articles, this particular article “Motivating Employees” makes significant reference to McGregor’s theories, X and Y.

As it points out, it’s how you manage a person that determines their work attitude. Granted, some people are more likely to lean one way or the other, but a good manager is able to bring out the best of their employees. A good boss can make all the difference between work being a chore, and being something enjoyable.

“Because people dislike work, most people must be coerced, controlled, directed and threatened with punishment to get them to put forth adequate effort toward the achievement of organizational objectives.” – Excerpt.”

a. Quotations are not necessary
b. Citations are incorrectly formatted
c. Source/s not peer-reviewed
d. Quote not directly relevant to discussion above.

3. Review this passage and select all that apply

In one of the first refereed journal articles I have chosen to look at, they explain how a central tenet of economics is that individuals respond to incentives. Journal 1 (Subject - Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, Author - Benabou, Roland; Tirole, Jean, Publication title – The Review of Economic Studies). This journal goes on to discuss how, in contrast, for psychologists and sociologists rewards and punishments are often counterproductive because they undermine “intrinsic motivation”. They have used a paragraph from an 1876 novel, “The Adventures of Tom Sawyer” by Mark Twain, to give an overall idea of what the article is about. The author’s plan has been to try to pleasantly remind adults of what they once were themselves, and of how they felt and thought and talked, and what bizarre enterprises they sometimes engaged in.

Tom said to himself that it was not such a hollow world, after all. He had discovered a great law of human action, without knowing it-namely, that in order to make a man or a boy covet a thing, it is only necessary to make the thing difficult to attain. If he had been a great and wise philosopher, like the writer of this book, he would now have comprehended that Work consists of whatever a body is obliged to do, and that Play consists of whatever a body is not obliged to do.

a. Reference included in body
b. Citations are incorrectly formatted
c. Source/s not peer-reviewed
d. Critical discussion is vague and does not use sources or quotations to get make points about motivation problems and intrinsic motivation directly.

4. Review this passage and select all that apply

Deci, Koester and Ryan suggest that employees will eventually want to choose what they want to do and have no interest in the work that does not reward them. This is also a problem for Google as its employees will only put effort in on what is going to reward them and not necessarily going to suit the company's interests. Not every task an employee has to perform will merit...
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