Motivation of Employees

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NAME: Andrea Gracias
Post graduate Diploma in Human Resources.

TITLE : Motivating and rewarding employees

Introduction to Motivation
At one time, employees were considered just another input into the production of goods and services. What perhaps changed this way of thinking about employees was research, referred to as the Hawthorne Studies, conducted by Elton Mayo from 1924 to 1932 (Dickson, 1973). This study found employees are not motivated solely by money and employee behavior is linked to their attitudes (Dickson, 1973). The Hawthorne Studies began the human relations approach to management, whereby the needs and motivation of employees become the primary focus of managers (Bedeian, 1993). The Role of Motivation

Why do we need motivated employees? The answer is survival (Smith, 1994). Motivated employees are needed in our rapidly changing workplaces. Motivated employees help organizations survive. Motivated employees are more productive. To be effective, managers need to understand what motivates employees within the context of the roles they perform. Of all the functions a manager performs, motivating employees is arguably the most complex. This is due, in part, to the fact that what motivates employees changes constantly (Bowen & Radhakrishna, 1991). For example, research suggests that as employees' income increases, money becomes less of a motivator (Kovach, 1987). Also, as employees get older, interesting work becomes more of a motivator.


The purpose of this study is to describe the importance of certain factors in motivating employees

To study & describe the importance of the following motivating factors: Corporate Culture, Morale boosters, Recognition, Non cash incentives, Motivation by compensation

• Describe how managers can design individual jobs to maximize employee performance • Describe the effect of workforce diversity on motivational practices...
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