This study is basically a research work on the role and effects of the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) and the Independent Corrupt Practice Commission in curbing corruption in Nigeria. The origin of child corruption dates back to the time of slavery, hardship and the depression of people. The main objectives of this study is to examine the effectiveness of EFCC & ICPC and the role it plays in helping to rid Nigeria of this illegal practice that most people seem unaware of. Corrupt practices include crimes such as advance fee fraud (419 Fraud), bribery and money laundering. The ICPC was inaugurated on the 29th of September 2000 while EFCC was established in 2003 to help in the fight against Corrupt Practices. They have the power to arrest, detain, investigate, prevent and even have their own special jails for offenders who engage in corrupt practices. EFCC & ICPC are two of the major organizations in the forefront of the fight against corruption in Nigeria. This study analyses the concept of corruption in general with emphasis on the important role that EFCC & ICPC plays in its efforts to detect, curb and if possible totally eradicate corrupt practices. It highlights the challenges of EFCC & ICPC in curbing corruption.
1.1BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The African in the public service seeks to further his own financial interest.” The colonial report concluded that only public opinion could deal with corruption. The problem was that there was no responsible public opinion to check corruption in Nigeria.1From as early as 1947; commissions of inquiry were held to investigate cases of corruption. The purpose of the inquiries was to expose wrong -doing and to punish the culprits. Today, we hear much of the rampant corruption at the local government level. As early as 1955, just seventeen months after the inception of Igbo-Etiti District Council in May 1954, the colonial...