Medication: Pharmacology and Medicines Act

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Questions for Unit 4222-616

Include examples from your work role if appropriate in your answers.

1. Identify the legislation that governs the use of medication in your work place, briefly state how and what they cover also how they influence policies, procedures and agreed ways of working. (616 LO 1.1)

There are several legislations which are used in my workplace such as a The National Minimum Standards (NMS) registered under the Care Standards Act 2000. This NMS legislation covers all the rights the service user to deal with their medication by themselves, if that is appropriate, and states who is then responsible for administrating them (with the regulation of Medicines Act 1968), store, report, register etc, so basically, at my workplace on base of NMS, there are policies and work standards which tells how and who is responsible for medication to the residents, if they are not capable to administrate them. Person responsible for medication needs to have a training and have a knowledge about the legislations and policies, needs to been able to contact a Doctor and Pharmacy and order or to know how to dispose medication, etc. There are as well in use at my workplace The Medicines Act 1968, The Misuse of Drugs Act (1971), The Misuse of Drugs Regulations (1973), The Health and Safety at Work Act (1974), The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulation (COSHH) (1999) and not least but very important Hazardous Waste Regulation (2005). All of them they are used in my workplace to create policies and guideline for all who work with elderly and how and carry on duty while dealing with medication and controlled drugs, etc.

2. Describe the common types of medication used by your service users and their effects and potential side effects. (616 LO2.1)

Most of medicines used at my work place are prescribed drugs, such as a tablets, liquids, creams, oral solutions, gels, patches, etc. They are all prescribed usually by the Doctor and administrated by Registered Nurse (patches, medications, tablets, etc) or by trained staff/carers (gels, creams, ointments, etc). There can be a potential side effects for using them, such as a rash, vomiting, diarrhoea, nausea, constipation, headache, dry mouth, allergy reaction, adverse reactions, etc.

For Example cream E45 125g, is used to help relieve dry skin, to moisturise the skin in dry conditions such as eczema, dermatitis and psoriasis. It is used only for external. It softens and rehydrates dry skin by helping it to stay more moisture. If overused, or if having a allergy reaction there is a possible a side effect of hypersensitivity or allergic reactions such as rashes. Another medicine is Warfarin tablets (1mg) are used is used in treatment of blood clots, prevention of blood clots by thinning blood and cerebral transient ischaemic attacks. If overdosed or giving a reaction there are some side effects, such as a feeling of being ill, hair loss, rash, diarrhoea or unusual bruising, bleeding, blood in the urine, blackened stools. Again another example will be here Paracetamol 500g is a painkiller, a pain relief medicine, used when individual is in pain and discomfort, it cannot be taken more than 4 doses within 24 hours. There are side effects, if overdosed or interact with other medicines, such as a rash, hypotension or liver and kidney damage, when taken at higher-than-recommended doses.

3. Identify medication which demands the measurement of specific physiological measurements. (616 LO 2.2)

Some medication, especially those who are prescribed for a specific reason and to a specific person, needs to be measured for those individuals as a separate ones. A person prescribing them, in this case that will be a Doctor or a specialist, will check the history of the illness of the individual, will make a another checks on the health, will assure that the drugs prescribed are fine with their age and health, as well as a their overall...
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